Flipped classroom: A review of recent literature

Main Article Content

Huseyin Uzunboylu
Damla Karagozlu


The use of learning technologies, especially multimedia provide varied facilities for students’ learning that are not possible with other media. Pedagogical literature has proved that individuals have different learning styles. Flipped classroom is a pedagogical approach which means that activities that have traditionally taken place inside the classroom take place outside the classroom and vice versa. The flipped classroom environment ensures that students become more active participants compared with in the traditional classroom. The purpose of this paper is to fulfil the needs regarding the review of recent literature on the use of the flipped classroom approach in education. The contribution of the flipped classroom to education is discussed in relation to the changes in students' and instructors' role. Subsequently, flipped classroom applications in various disciplines of education are illustrated. The recommendations made in the literature for design specifications that integrate flipped classrooms with technology are discussed. The paper concludes that a careful consideration of the warnings and recommendations made in the literature can help to produce effective flipped classroom environments and also this paper attempts to inform those who are thinking of using new technologies and approaches to deliver courses.

 Keywords: flipped classroom, inverted classroom, blended learning, active learning.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Uzunboylu, H., & Karagozlu, D. (2015). Flipped classroom: A review of recent literature. World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues, 7(2), 142-147. https://doi.org/10.18844/wjet.v7i2.46


Baepler, P., Walker, J., & Driessen, M. (2014). It's not about seat time: Blending, flipping, and efficiency in active learning classrooms. Computers & Education, 78, 227-236.

Barker, D., Quennerstedt, M., & Annerstedt, C. (2013). Inter-student interactions and student learning in health and physical education: A post-Vygotskian analysis. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, (ahead-of-print), 1-18.

Bergmann, J., & Sams, A. (2012). Before You Flip, Consider This. Phi Delta Kappan, 94(2), 25-25.

Bergmann, J., Overmyer, J., & Wilie, B. (2015). The Flipped Class: Myths vs. Reality - THE DAILY RIFF - Be Smarter. About Education. Thedailyriff.com. Retrieved 5 January 2015, from: http://www.thedailyriff.com/articles/the-flipped-class-conversation-689.php

Borg, M., & Shapiro, S. (1996). Personality Type and Student Performance in Principles of Economics. The Journal of Economic Education, 27(1), 3-25.

Butt, A. (2014). Student Views on The Use of A Flipped Classroom Approach: Evidence From Australia. Business Education & Accreditation, 6(1), 33-43.

Enfield, J. (2013). Looking at the Impact of the Flipped Classroom Model of Instruction on Undergraduate Multimedia Students at CSUN. Techtrends, 57(6), 14-27.

Gilboy, M., Heinerichs, S., & Pazzaglia, G. (2015). Enhancing Student Engagement Using the Flipped Classroom. Journal of Nutrition Education And Behavior, 47(1), 109-114.

Hamdan, N., McKnight, P., McKnight, K., & Arfstrom, K. (2013). Research, Reports & Studies / Lit Review. Flippedlearning.org. Retrieved 5 January 2015, from: http://www.flippedlearning.org/review
Hung, H. (2015). Flipping the classroom for English language learners to foster active learning. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 28(1), 81-96.
Kim, M., Kim, S., Khera, O., & Getman, J. (2014). The experience of three flipped classrooms in an urban university: an exploration of design principles. The Internet and Higher Education, 22, 37-50.

Kong, S. (2014). Developing information literacy and critical thinking skills through domain knowledge learning in digital classrooms: An experience of practicing flipped classroom strategy. Computers & Education, 78, 160-173.

Lage, M., & Platt, G. (2000). The Internet and the Inverted Classroom. The Journal of Economic Education, 31(1), 11-11.

Lage, M., Platt, G., & Treglia, M. (2000). Inverting the Classroom: A Gateway to Creating an Inclusive Learning Environment. The Journal of Economic Education, 31(1), 30.

Love, B., Hodge, A., Grandgenett, N., & Swift, A. (2014). Student learning and perceptions in a flipped linear algebra course. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 45(3), 317-324.

McLaughlin, J., & Rhoney, D. (2015). Comparison of an interactive e-learning preparatory tool and a conventional downloadable handout used within a flipped neurologic pharmacotherapy lecture. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching And Learning, 7(1), 12-19.
Novak, G.M. (2011). Just-in-time teaching. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2011(128), 63-73.

Roach, T. (2014). Student perceptions toward flipped learning: New methods to increase interaction and active learning in economics. International Review of Economics Education, 17, 74-84.

See, S., & Conry, J. (2014). Flip My Class! A faculty development demonstration of a flipped-classroom. Currents In Pharmacy Teaching And Learning, 6(4), 585-588.

Simpson, V., & Richards, E. (2015). Flipping the classroom to teach population health: increasing the relevance, Nurse Education in Practice.
Singh, H. (2003). Building Effective Blended Learning Programs. Educational Technology, 43(6), 51-54.

Tucker, B. (2012). The Flipped Classroom - Education Next. Education Next. Retrieved 5 January 2015, from: http://educationnext.org/the-flipped-classroom/

Williams, C. (2002). Learning On-line: A review of recent literature in a rapidly expanding field. Journal of Further And Higher Education, 26(3), 263-272