Time management in Turkish nurses

Main Article Content

Gülsüm Ançel Yasemin Yilmaz


Time management is an essential skill for the employees who work in a busy health settings. This was descriptive study and the aim of this study is to determine the importance paid for time management in nursing. in Turkey. Data was collected by searching “Ulakbim National Databases and Turkish Medline and 22 studies out of 365 were included in the assessment.. While studies which determine time usage show that nurses do not use their time efficiently, studies which measure time management skill,  time management skill of nurses or students is at medium-high level. In order to clarify this contradiction, much more studies should be carried out and apart from descriptive studies factors which effect use of time in working environment should be analyzed. This study shows that the issue of time management in nursing is not analyzed as a privileged issue in Turkey and there has not been study that would evaluate time management of nurses.

Keywords: Nurse, student, time management, work sampling


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Ançel, G. (1996). Using time efficiently in nurses. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Hacettepe University, Institue of Health Sciences, Turkey.

Ançel, G. (2003). Determination of the needs for the general surgical services. II. International Nursing Management Conference, Abstract Book, s.39, Antalya.

Ançel, G. (2006). Evaluation of nursing services: Work sampling study, III. International Nursing Management Conference: The Power of Nursing: Journey to Excellence, Abstract Book, p. 124, Aydın.

Avcı, G. G., Türker, S., Çifçi, M., & Sürücü, Ş. (2013). Determination of workload of intensive care unit nurses. Journal of Intensive Care, 4, 21-4.

Bahçecik, N., Öztürk, H., & Şerbetçi, G. A. (2004). Time management scale for nurse managers and effecting time management factors. Management, 15(49), 67-78.

Başak, T., Uzun, Ş., & Arslan, F. (2008). Time management skills of nursing students. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 7(5), 429-434.

Cankul, İ. H. (1997). Work sampling practice in GATA first aid and emergency nursing services. (Unpublished master thesis). GATA Institue of Health Sciences, Turkey.

Cardona, P., Tappen, R. M., Terrill, M., Acosta, M., & Eusebe, M. I. (1997). Nursing staff time allocation in long term care: A work sampling study. Journal of Nursing Administration, 27(2), 28-36.

Covey, S. R., Merril, A.R., & Merril, R.R (1994). First Things First. New York: Simon and Schuster Puplishers.

Ebrahimi, H., Hosseinzadeh, R., Tefreshi, M. Z., & Hosseinzadeh, S. (2014). Time management behaviors of head nurses and staff nurses employed in Tehran Social Security Hospitals, Iran in 2011. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 19(2), 193.

Gordon, C. E., & Borkan, S. C. (2014). Recapturing time: a practical approach to time management for physicians. Postgraduate medical journal, 90(1063), 267-272.

Hendrich A, Chow M.P., Skierczynski B.A., & Lu, Z.(2008), A 36-Hospital time and motion study: How do medical-surgical nurses spend their time? The Permanente Journal, 12( 3), 25-34.

Hendrickson, G., Doddato, T. M., & Kovner, C. T. (1990). How do nurses use their time? JONA, 20(3), 31-37.

İz, F. B., & Özen, T. A. (2010). Investigation of relationship between time management and academic achievement in nursing students to be the candidate intern. Journal Of Süleyman Demirel University Institute of Social Sciences, 1(11).

Karadağ, M., & Cankul, İ. H. (2015). The evaluation of mental workload in nurses. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences, 18(1).

Kaya, H., Kaya, N., Palloş, A. Ö., & Küçük, L. (2012). Assessing time management skills in terms of age, gender, and anxiety levels: A study on nursing and midwifery students in Turkey. Nurse education in practice, 12(5), 284-288.

Kıdak, L. B. (2011). The determination of hospital manager's time attitudes: Application of training and research hospitals in İzmir province. Selcuk University Social Sciences Institute Journal, 25, 159.

Kılıç, S. S., Avcı, İ. A., İsmailoğlu, A. A., & Yazar, S. (2014). Identification of clinical nurse in the work hours and hours of work load. Gümüşhane University Journal of Health Sciences, 3(4).

Kılıçaslan, N. (1998). The determination of the duration of the nursing activities in the intensive care unit and the Therapeutic Intervention Scoring (TISS). (Unpublished master thesis). Dokuz Eylül University. Institue of Health Sciences, Turkey.

Köse, D., Çınar, N., & Akduran, F. (2012). The relationship between internet addiction with personality characteristics and time management in nursing students. Sakarya University Journal of Science Institue, 16(3).

Kukulu, K. (1997). Work study for nurses working in postpartum services. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Hacettepe University, Institue of Health Sciences, Turkey.

Özbıçakçı, Ş. (1998). Manpower planning and efficiency measurement based on workload in the emergency department. (Unpublished master thesis). Dokuz Eylül University, Institue of Health Sciences, Turkey.

Platin, N., Ocakçı, A., & Güçsavaş, N. (1982) .Hemşirelerin sekiz saatlik çalişmalarinin içeriği, Türk Hemşireler Dergisi, 2, 52-56.

Robichoud, A. M., & Hamric, A. B. (1986). Time documentation of clinical nurse special activities. JONA, 16(1), 31-35.

Şahin, D. C. (2015). Efficient organization management to time management: An example of a private hospital. (Unpublished master thesis). Atılım University, Institue of Social Sciences, Turkey.

Tamilselvi, A., & Regunath, R.( 2014), Work sampling : A quantitative analysis of nursing activity in a medical ward. Nitte University Journal of Health Science, 3(3), 64-67.

Tsinlly, F. Z. A. (2003). Model proposition and use of nursing workload measurment system in nursing services for planning the number of nurses at the hospital. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). İstanbul University, Institue of Social Sciences, Turkey.

T.C. Health Statistics. (2013). Turkey nurse and midwife numbers 1928-2013. Retrieved from http://www.istatistikleri.org/saglik-istatistikleri/saglik-personeli/turkiye-hemsire-ebe-sayisi/.

Türkmen, E., & Uslu, A. (2011). Evaluation of indirect nursing care practices in a private hospital. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 19(2), 60-67.

Williams, H., Harris, R., & Turner Stokes, L. (2009). Work sampling: a quantitative analysis of nursing activity in a neuro‐rehabilitation setting. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(10), 2097-2107.

Yıldırım, D. (2006). Determination of the time that nurses spend for patients and other works. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 14(56), 177-192.