The influence of different types of core materials on the impact behaviour of sandwich composites

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Cihan Kaboglu

Abstract

Sandwich structures are popular in applications in which the weight of the component affects the efficiency, especially in the aviation and aerospace industries. This study aims to understand the impact behaviour of sandwich structures with different core materials. Sandwich structures are manufactured with glass fibre reinforced polymer skins and balsa wood, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) core through resin infusion under flexible tools. Three different core materials were tested and compared using the damaged area of the back face of the sample. The effect of the core materials on the mechanical behaviour of the structures is crucial. The results showed that the microstructure of the core materials plays an important role, because althoughthe density of balsa wood is greater than the density of PET and PVC, the structures having PVC and PET as core materials undergo less damage than those having balsa wood as a core material.

Keywords: Sandwich composite, impact behaviour, core materials.

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