New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences <p><img src="/ojs/public/site/images/admin/12newtrendhsc2.jpg" alt=""></p> <p align="justify"><strong>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences</strong> is an electronic product focusing entirely on publishing high quality selected conference proceedings. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences enables fast dissemination so conference delegates can publish their papers in a dedicated open access online issue, which is then made freely available worldwide.</p> <p align="justify">&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><u>WCDA-2016 Papers Indexed in Web of Science</u></strong></p> <p><strong>5<sup>th</sup> WORLD CONFERENCE ON&nbsp;</strong><strong>DESIGN AND ARTS (WCDA-2016)</strong> papers published in <em>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences (ISSN 2547-8818)</em>, have been indexed at the Web of Science (CPCI). Other conferences’ papers are expected to be indexed at the Web of Science soon.</p> <p><img src="/ojs/public/site/images/admin/prosoc_wos.jpg" width="636" height="298"></p> en-US Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zehra Ozcinar) (Maria Andoni) Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 EDITORIAL <p>It is the great honor for us to edit proceedings of “11th World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES-2019)” held on 07-10 February 2019, at the Milano Novotel Milano Nord Ca’ Granda Convention Center, Italy. This privileged scientific event has contributed to the field of educational sciences and research for eleven years.</p> <p>As the guest editors of this issue, we are glad to see variety of articles focusing on the curriculum and instruction, educational technology, educational administration, guidance and counselling, educational planning, measurement and evaluation, learning psychology, developmental psychology, instructional design, learning and teaching, special education, distance&nbsp; education,&nbsp; lifelong&nbsp; learning,&nbsp; mathematics&nbsp; education,&nbsp; social&nbsp; sciences&nbsp; teaching,&nbsp; science education, language learning and teaching, human resources in education, teacher training, pre-school education, primary school education, secondary school education, vocational education, college and higher education, learner needs in the 21st century, the role of education in globalization, human rights education, democracy education, innovation&nbsp; and&nbsp; change&nbsp; in&nbsp; education,&nbsp; new&nbsp; learning&nbsp; environments, environmentaleducation, &nbsp;professional development, nursery education, health education, sport and physical education, multi-cultural education, mobile learning, &nbsp;music education, art education, history education and etc.&nbsp;</p> <p>Furthermore,&nbsp; the&nbsp; conference&nbsp; is&nbsp; getting&nbsp; more international&nbsp; each&nbsp; year,&nbsp; which&nbsp; is&nbsp; an&nbsp; indicator&nbsp; that&nbsp; it&nbsp; is&nbsp; getting worldwide known and recognized. Scholars from all over the world contributed to the conference. Special thanks are&nbsp; to&nbsp; all&nbsp; the reviewers, the members&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; international&nbsp; editorial&nbsp; board,&nbsp; the publisher,&nbsp; and&nbsp; those involved in &nbsp;technical processes. We would like to thank all who contributed to in every process to make this issue actualized. A total of &nbsp;145 full papers or abstracts were submitted for this conference and each paper has been peer reviewed by the reviewers specialized in the related field. At the end of the review process, a total of &nbsp;50 high quality research &nbsp;papers were selected and accepted for publication.</p> <p>I hope that you will enjoy reading the papers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Guest Editors</strong></p> <p>Prof. Dr. Jesús García Laborda,</p> <p>Univesity of Alcala , Spain</p> Jesus Garcia Laborda ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 20:17:59 +0100 Conflict management style of principals as perceived by intermediate school teachers in Bahrain <p>This study aimed to investigate the nature of conflict management style (CMS) of school’s principals and to identify any significant difference in the perception of CMS practiced by the school principal from the view point of intermediate school teachers in Bahrain based on gender. A mixed method of descriptive research design was employed in this study. The data were collected through questionnaire and interview. This study involved 327 teachers selected based on stratified random sampling from 37 intermediate schools in Bahrain in the questionnaire survey. Besides that, five senior teachers have been selected purposively to provide further feedback in the interviews. The findings indicated that most of the school principals have adopted compromise and collaboration styles of conflict management, and empowering senior teachers to help resolve conflicts and a reform of the procedures in schools are needed to maintain a healthier working environment for teachers.</p> <p>Keywords: Conflict management styles, intermediate schools, teachers, gender, Bahrain.</p> Chan Yuen Fook, Abdulhadi Hasan Abdulhusain ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 09 May 2019 14:46:40 +0100 Prejudices towards the Catalans: An experience in primary education <p>In recent years, the society of our country has maintained a tense political situation between the Spanish state and the autonomous community of Catalonia. The children have been exposed to this situation and the comments heard may have been able to cause the appearance of prejudices or the creation of a stereotype about the inhabitants of this region. The beliefs of children from two different contexts, a rural setting and an urban one, the capital of Spain, have been taken into account. From a sample of students from two different contexts, we have obtained results that indicate that girls from Primary Education show more positive prejudices towards Catalans than boys. In addition, if we consider gender, children who live in an urban environment do not show differences when it comes to showing negative prejudices.</p> <p>Keywords: Prejudices, Catalans, primary education, urban, rural.</p> Oscar Navarro, Francisco Javier Sanchez-Verdejo, Filomena Fernandes, Eduardo Lopez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 07:48:00 +0100 Racist prejudices in different contexts. Differences between rural and urban environments <p>The purpose of this research is to analyse the presence of racist prejudices in response to certain statements in two different contexts, namely, a rural environment and an urban environment. A questionnaire was prepared using nine statements in respect to real situations of preconceived ideas regarding certain minority groups of society. Specifically, these situations refer to gypsies, Blacks, immigrants, Moroccans, beggars, refugees from Latin America or handicapped persons. The questionnaire was given to university students, who were asked to assess the racist characteristics of each statement on a scale of 1–4. The results obtained show certain differences that are detected between the two contexts in respect to participants’ perception of prejudice. The conclusion is that the presence of racist prejudices is very similar in the two contexts in which the research was carried out, with a high correlation between students’ answers.</p> <p>Keywords: Prejudices, university students, urban, rural</p> Juana Maria Anguita Acero, Oscar Navarro Martinez, Angel Luis Gonzalez Olivares, Monica di Martino ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 08:30:42 +0100 Physics textbooks and its network structures <p>We can observe self-organised networks all around us. These networks are, in general, scale-invariant networks described by the Barabasi-Albert model. The self-organised networks show certain universalities. These networks, in simplified models, have scale-invariant distribution (power law distribution) and the characteristic parameter α of the distribution has value between 2 and 5. Textbooks are an essential part of the learning process; therefore, we analysed the curriculum in secondary school textbooks of physics from the viewpoint of semantic network structures. We converted the textbook into a tripartite network, where the nodes represented sentences, terms and formulae. We found the same distribution as for self-organised networks. Cluster analysis was applied on the resulting network and we found individual modules—clusters. We obtained nine clusters, three of which were significantly larger. These clusters presented kinematics of point mass, dynamics of point mass and gravitational field with electric field.</p> <p>Keywords: Physics textbook, scale-invariant distribution, semantic network.</p> Petra Kralikova, Aba Teleki ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 08:44:41 +0100 Challenges and visions in school music education: Focusing on Chinese and Lithuanian realities <p>This article focuses on music education in Chinese and Lithuanian schools, especially on the latest reforms of the national music curriculum for basic and general education. Due to the original reasons and historical development in the east and west, the philosophies of educations are different, resulting in differences in concepts of education, goals of education, methods of education, roles of teachers and students. The process of collecting information for music education in Lithuania and China will be explained in order to gain insight into specific issues related to each country. The resulting similarities and differences between Chinese and Lithuanian school music education are reported, and suggestions for basic and teacher education improvement are discussed. Most importantly, the findings of this study have highlighted that the notions of school music education in Lithuania and China are insignificantly different.</p> <p>Keywords: Chinese general music education, music curriculum, music activities, Lithuanian general music education.</p> Jolanta Lasauskiene, Youdi Sun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 08:58:29 +0100 A systematic literature review on psychosocial factors of adolescents’ online self-disclosure <p>It is said that nowadays online self-disclosure plays an essential role in adolescents’ development and it gains a lot of attention of today’s researchers. However, it is still unclear what are the particular psychosocial factors related to adolescents’ online self-disclosure as in general researchers analyse specific elements (e.g., narcissism, privacy concerns), related to the aims of their study. Thus, the systematic literature review has been organised on purpose to find out what are the most significant psychosocial factors related to adolescents’ online self-disclosure. After the process of selection, 24 articles (from 1936) have been analysed. The systematic literature review has shown that psychosocial factors of adolescents’ online self-disclosure may be distinguished into three groups: psychological (personal characteristics and motives), socio-demographical and social-contextual factors. Particular results of psychosocial factors and papers included in the study are discussed, together with limitations and directions for future research.</p> <p>Keywords: Adolescents, online self-disclosure, psychosocial factors.</p> Ugne Paluckaite, Kristina Zardeckaite-Matulaitiene ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 09:06:35 +0100 Study regarding the possibilities of increasing the self-esteem in 15-year-old pupils <p><em>Psychologists consider self-esteem as being a human value that can be higher or lower, depending on the life experiences. According to Nathaniel Branden, self-esteem is </em>‘the ability to confront life's fundamental difficulties without losing hope’. Starting from this definition, it was thought that a study regarding the evaluation of self-esteem in 15-year-old pupils from various environments and social conditions could help spotting those activities based on which the youths can shape and consolidate their self-esteem. The hypothesis that started this study was the following: a hierarchy of the self-esteem components for 15-year-olds could help in increasing their feelings of trust in themselves, by organising and developing certain activities in accordance with their needs. The research was conducted in 2017–2018, on a group of 270 pupils. The study confirmed the hypothesis that the self-esteem level differs according to the pupils’ environment and social conditions as well as to their gender.</p> <p>Keywords: Youths, belonging, competence.</p> Catalina Ababei, Radu Ababei, Tatiana Dobrescu, Alina Ababei ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 A comparative study on the constitutional type of high-school students belonging to different generations <p>Presumably, identifying the coordinates regarding the constitutional type of certain high-school age generations would emphasise the effect of the instructional process specific to the field of Physical Education and Sports, and it would motivate the people involved to make an improvement in their work. I have organised a study at the Sportive High-school from Romania, in two classes from different generations (2016–2017 and 2017–2018). The research methods I used were: the study of the bibliographical material, the observation, the tests, the statistical-mathematical method and the graphical representation method. Over the 9 months of the research, the students took their classes as established in the curricula, and the results of the research confirm the previously stated hypothesis, thus constituting strong arguments for the study of the role and importance the specific means of physical education have on the general physical development of high-school students.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Constitutional type, high-school students, different generations, physical development</p> Tatiana Dobrescu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Determining elementary teacher candidates cognitive structure on the concept of ‘disabled people’ through the drawing technique <p>Currently, around 10% of the world's population, or roughly 650 million people, live with a disability. According to the results of the in Turkey 2011 Population and Housing Survey, the proportion of the population with at least one disability is 6.9%. The aim of the study is to investigate primary teacher candidates cognitive structures related to ‘disabled people’ through the drawing technique. The data were collected from 89 teacher candidates participated in this study in the 2018–2019 academic year in Mehmet Akif Ersoy University. Each student was asked to draw a picture about disabled people. The students were encouraged if they want to write their own interpretation of the drawing ‘in a couple of sentences. Of the drawings, 89 were subjected to the content analysis. Half of the drawings are multicoloured and black is second. Most of the teacher candidates (88%) handed wheelchairs to people with disabilities.</p> <p>Keywords: Disabled people, drawing technique, teacher candidate.</p> Fatma Celik Kayapinar, Behsat Savas ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Comparing the attitudes of students of faculty of divinity and faculty of education towards the physical activity <p>The aim of this research is to compare the attitudes of the students of the Faculty of Divinity and Faculty of Education towards physical activity. The sample of the research, with survey research design, consists of 360 students who are in preparatory and undergraduate education in the autumn semester of 2018–2019 in Mehmet Akif Ersoy University in Turkey. In the faculty of divinity, women were n = 130, 65.7% and men were n = 68, 34.3%. In the faculty of education, women were n = 128, 79% and men were n = 34, 21%. An independent t-test was used to compare the mean scores. From the results, it was understood that the attitudes of the faculty of divinity students towards physical activity were more positive than the students of the faculty of education. No significant difference was observed in intra-group comparisons of attitudes towards physical activity.</p> <p>Keywords: Faculty of divinity, faculty of education, attitude, physical activity.</p> Behsat Savas, Fatma Celik Kayapinar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Assessing and developing social entrepreneurship competencies in university subjects <p>Universities and other scientific and academic entities have become aware of the need to promote entrepreneurship in higher education. Social entrepreneurship and the values that it promotes are to a large extent consistent with the transversal competencies that must be taught at University. This paper presents a tool (two versions) that allows for the evaluation of social entrepreneurship competencies in university subjects. The tool permits the analysis of the degree to which these competencies are developed in a specific subject, both from the perspective of the students and educators. The two versions (students and faculty) have been validated by experts, and in the case of the student version, a statistical validation has been carried out (reliability and construct validity). The conclusions of this research highlight the relevance of working on social entrepreneurship competencies in university classrooms, as well as the way in which each educator proposes improvement strategies.</p> <p>Keywords: Social entrepreneurship, competency, licker scales, reliability, factor analysis.</p> Juan-Carlos Tojar-Hurtado, Ligia-Isabel Estrada-Vidal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Ecofeminism and sustainable entrepreneurship: an alternative view of the planet <p>The wage gap is undeniable. Part-time employment and temporary employment have the distinctive trademark of women. In times of crisis, the number of families that are economically dependent on women increases. In view of the current crisis and the great deterioration of our planet, an alternative approach to this problem is ecofeminism. It is necessary to stop the expansion of profit margins and excessive consumerism in favour of other drivers of change more in line with sustainable development. This research presents an assessment of an activity on the perceptions of postgraduate students faced with moral dilemmas. The objective of this activity was to show that there are gendered differences when responding to such moral dilemmas. The methodology used is qualitative and information was collected from the answers provided by the students who participated in the activity. The results show that there are slight gendered differences in the responses.</p> <p>Keywords: Eco-feminism, moral dilemmas, postgraduate students, qualitative methodology, gender.</p> Esther Mena Rodriguez, Victoria del Rocio Gomez Carrillo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 10:31:20 +0100 An analysis of sexist language in interpersonal relations—A study on linguistic communication in higher education <p>This project aims to analyse the perceptions of university students about the use of language, as its correct use constitutes an important element for the development of gender equality. We question the idea that in university teaching, language is free of sexism and claim that this sexism is more evident in some branches of knowledge than in others. To this end, we will analyse the degree of importance attributed to language across different branches of knowledge and the identification of sexist expressions in daily use. The methodology used is based on a survey and interview. Different groups belonging to different degree courses of the academic communities of the Universities of Malaga and Seville participated in the research. Following this analysis, we reflect on the language use prevailing in the university environment since it constitutes a central space of action for its educational and socializing mission.</p> <p>Keywords: Sexist language, discrimination, students, university, communication and education.</p> Victoria del Rocio Gomez Carrillo, Esther Mena Rodriguez, Miguel Angel Fernandez Jimenez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Actions of social and labour inclusion with ICT: an assessment of the Velez-Malaga urban area <p>In the framework of knowledge society, information and communication technologies, the digital divide is still a determining factor for social inclusion and access to employment processes. In the interest of an inclusive and equitable development of digital competencies, governments and public policies should propose and enhance development programmes and initiatives for different groups of disadvantaged people, as well as the possibility of adult professional reorientation for those who run the risk of not having appropriate qualifications for their jobs. Consequently, it is necessary to ascertain the real situation of different urban areas in order to diagnose existing deficits in digital matters and develop integrated strategies to facilitate the inclusion and improvement of access to employment. The present study describes this reality in the municipal context of Velez-Malaga (Spain) and analyses the effectiveness of the measures put in place to improve the social and labour inclusion of its citizens.</p> <p>Keywords: Inclusion, ICT, employment, digital competency, citizens.</p> Francisco Jose Garcia Aguilera, Pablo Franco Caballero ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 10:59:42 +0100 Validation of a questionnaire to measure job expectations and interests in university students <p>The establishment of the European Higher Education Area has promoted an attempt to design a syllabus that is more related to the world of work. There is evidence to suggest that the transfer of skills that should be acquired by students throughout their university courses is not carried out in an appropriate way that prepares them for working life. In view of this, it is essential to understand university students’ perceptions and assessments of relevant aspects of their entry into the labour market. To this end, an instrument was designed to evaluate university students’ perception and assessment of future employment. In order to verify the reliability and measurement validity of the questionnaire, a pilot study was carried out with a sample of a total of 220 university students. The analyses carried out have proved the quality of the instrument in terms of adequate reliability and measurement validity.</p> <p>Keywords: Evaluation questionnaire, labour insertion, labour expectations, reliability, validity.</p> Miguel Angel Fernandez Jimenez, Esther Mena Rodriguez, Victoria del Rocio Gomez Carrillo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 11:14:12 +0100 Measuring pre-service teachers’ general pedagogical knowledge—What are the results telling? <p>A pilot study was carried out in order to attempt capturing teachers’ general pedagogical knowledge (GPK). The aim of the paper is to find out how pre-service teachers’ GPK differs within internship experience, level of education and work experiences, and what can be concluded about the test instrument based on results. All together 135 pre-service teachers from Estonia filled in a knowledge test with 60 multiple choice questions. The results showed that those who had not done their internship performed better at the test, possibly indicating a theoretical nature of the test instrument. However, it also shows a shift in pre-service teachers’ knowledge when entering practical field. Therefore, it can be discussed whether the experiences from practice schools differ from what has been learned at the university courses. For future test developments, the theoretical inclination of the test should be challenged by improving items targeting more of practical knowledge.</p> <p>Keywords: Teachers’ knowledge, general pedagogical knowledge, teacher education.</p> Liina Malva, Ali Leijen, Aleksandar Baucal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 11:29:52 +0100 Exploring the relationship between teacher professionality and occupational experience <p>Professional development is a key process within the wider agenda of raising standards and increasing societal growth capacity by improving teaching policy and practice in education. The aim of the research was to explore the relations between teacher’s professionality and occupational qualifications. Forty teachers were asked to estimate their pedagogical, core and holistic representation competencies. The correlation analysis was applied to investigate the relations between the length of employment and the competencies. The results indicated positive but weak correlations that suggest the relationship between learning gains and development need as well as between assessment and targeted feedback. A negative but still weak correlation was found between the length of employment and ensuring physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Future work will focus on elaborating the instrument used in this study as well as the experimental setup in order to gain further insights and reliable results.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Professional development, occupational qualification, lifelong learning.</p> Tiiu Leibur, Katrin Saks, Irene-Angelica Chounta ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 12:23:56 +0100 Transparency in evaluation through the use of rubrics in university subjects <p>Two key elements of educational innovation in evaluation are student participation and transparency. In both cases, rubrics are a powerful resource promoting a transparent and fair evaluation. However, there is still not enough evidence on the levels of student participation in the assessment process. The objective of this study is to ascertain the level of transparency provided by the use of scoring rubrics in university subjects by analysing the relevant factors that are involved in a more significant and participatory evaluation of learning processes. This research is approached from a qualitative perspective through content analysis of in-depth interviews conducted with higher education institutions in Mexico (n = 22). The results and conclusions show the importance of promoting more transparent evaluative practices in order to acquire true formative evaluation.</p> <p>Keywords: Participation, transparency, higher education, interview, scoring rubrics.</p> Leticia-Concepcion Velasco-Martinez, Juan-Carlos Tojar-Hurtado ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Future of nursing education: Changing values, educational paradigm and learner-educator profiles and roles <p>Changing values, and educational paradigm, market-driven economic policy, dramatic technology developments, changing learner-educator profiles and roles and the knowledge explosion are rapidly changing health care and educational institutions as well as creating a climate of continuous rapid change. The future of nursing education, to improve and promote the nursing profession, nurses should practice to the full extent of their education and training, they should achieve higher levels of education and training through an improved education system that promotes seamless academic progression, they should be full partners with healthcare professionals, and effective workforce planning and policy making require better data collection and an improved information infrastructure. A broad search without time limitations was performed in the databases EBSCO, CINAHL, Medline, PubMed, DynaMed and ERIC.As a conclusion, there is required for a change in nursing education and in the learning environment in order to prepare the nurse of the future in a changing health care delivery system with increasing complexity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Nursing education, paradigm in nursing education, learner centered approach, future of nursing education.</p> Burcin Isik, Samar Thabet Jallad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 12:33:48 +0100 Is the satisfaction of the graduate students in the educational sciences an indicator of their future professional career? <p>Today, developing a professional career in the same field that persons have an academic degree is very difficult to accomplish. The statistical data in Romania pointed that about 39.7% of the university graduate students work and try to have a professional career in another field than the one in which they have a university diploma. There are a lot of studies that have been done during the last four years focusing on revealing the necessity of working in interdisciplinary teams in elaborating the professional master curricula in relation with the employer’s requests, the specificity of occupations, the local or regional resources, etc. This paper tries to reveal the implications that the satisfaction towards the bachelor training programme in educational sciences has upon pursuing a continuous professional career in the same field.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Career development, student satisfaction, students’ attitudes, well-being, professional development.</p> Ionela Roxana Urea ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Personality traits in the light of the effectiveness of transformational vocational school leadership and leaders <p>The Big Five Personality Traits very well known as five-factor model (FEM), which is a taxonomy for personality traits, has a an effect on Transformational School Leadership and Leaders. Personality traits are the most powerful pylons for raising educational standards and achieving excellence based on the effectual Leadership. Openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism constitute the FEM. Transformational School Leadership model that comprises an essential element of quality assurance is based on the constructs of Setting Directions, Developing People, Redesigning the Organisations, Reliability of Administrative Leadership. Measures of Teachers’ Capacities, Measures of Teachers’ Motivation, Measures of Teachers’ Work Setting and Measures of Teachers’ Classroom Practices. To test the research hypotheses, a survey was carried out on 215 Greek secondary education teachers teaching in vocational lyceums, senior high schools in Greece. Moreover, 215 Greek secondary Vocational education teachers evaluate the effect of Personality Traits and characteristics on Transformational Vocational School Leadership and Leaders.</p> <p>Keywords: Personality traits, leadership, vocational, education.</p> Sofia D Anastasiadou ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 12:46:54 +0100 The integration of ICT in educational process in IB education—A comparative case study <p>This study aims to gain a deep understanding of international baccalaureate (IB) primary years programme (PYP) teachers’ perceptions about the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in IB PYP classes. Moreover, it seeks to critically identify the teachers’ barriers and needs in order to integrate ICT into teaching and learning. Following a qualitative comparative case study research design, semi-structured interviews were conducted with IB PYP teachers and coordinators in Sweden and Greece. Critical theory, critical pedagogy and critical theory of technology (CTT) were used as the theoretical framework for analysing teachers’ perceptions. From a critical point of view, the study reveals that deskilling of teachers, intensification of teachers’ work, low school’s financial budget, parents’ financial burden, commodification and privatisation of IB education are the fundamental factors that negatively intervene in teachers’ work in both schools and perpetuate the status quo of teaching and learning processes through integration of ICT.</p> <p>Keywords: International baccalaureate (IB), international and comparative education (ICE), integration of ICT, critical pedagogy, critical theory of technology (CTT).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Panagiotis Pantzos ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 12:51:01 +0100 Misconceptions in radical numbers in secondary school mathematics <p>The aim of this study was to determine misconceptions of the radicals of the high school students that attend ninth class. The samples of study consist of the students of a Secondary School in Istanbul, Turkey. Some sample questions are asked to related students to understand the misconceptions. According to the result of the study, it is seen that the students have misconceptions about radicals. It is observed that the students have superficial information about deep-rooted numbers and memorise the definition of deep-rooted numbers and try to use them in their mistakes. Some solutions are recommended to those students to overcome such difficulties.</p> <p>Keywords: Mathematics education, radicals, misconceptions.</p> Ayten Ozkan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 12:54:43 +0100 School choice and private schooling: a comparative case-study between Greece and Sweden <p>Over the past three decades, privatisation and school choice have been introduced and embodied in the vocabulary of several national education policies. This study aiming to examine the phenomenon of private schooling and the factors that affect parental school choice outlined a comprehensive framework of the national policies about private schools and school choice in Greece and Sweden. The case study design of the research provided an in-depth exploration of the two national contexts, enriching the study with empirical data. Twenty semi-structured interviews with education professionals and parents from both countries shed light on the reasons behind the school choice towards private schools. Regarding the findings of the research, several kinds of educational inequalities and social segregation were identified because of the fact that not all parents have access to school choice under equal terms.</p> <p>Keywords: School choice, private education, human capital theory, human rights theory, capability approach</p> Alexandra Farazouli ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 12:58:54 +0100 An improved model for internal efficiency and financing education in Morocco <p>The repetition by the child of an education level can be beneficial for him since its aim to reinforce his skills if he is below average. However, the cost of this operation weighs on the budget in Morocco because of the high rate of repetition. In this work, we present an improved model of transition from one level to another higher by involving the internal performance of the Moroccan education system. This model is based on an automatic transition during the first years of primary education with a skill enhancing in parallel. This reinforcement will be carried using ICT and active pedagogies.</p> <p>Keywords: Education model, financing model, internal efficiency, ICT.</p> Lamarti Sefian Mohammed, Imane Bakkali ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 13:03:31 +0100 Logic and heuristic in education <p>More than once were suggested that the results of the field of logic appear to be useful at the checking of ready-made proofs but refused to serve when one has to discover evidence; although some very reputable mathematicians supported this view, we allow ourselves to disagree with it. Every time they offer arguments for this point of view (and very often it speaks without any arguments), they demonstrate a ‘frontal’, straightforward interpretation of the results of logic. However, such an interpretation of the interrelations between logic and heuristic is not the only possible one. On the contrary, other interpretations possible, in which logic and heuristics are two sides of the single process of learning. In our paper, we consider both mentioned uses of the logic.</p> <p>Keywords: Intuitive evidence, logical proof, heuristic advices.</p> Aslanbek Naziev ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 13:08:11 +0100 Comparison of multivariate pattering methods in group/cluster identification regarding the science of educational research: Implicative Statistical Analysis vs. L’ Analysee Factorielle des Correspondances <p>Nowadays, there is a substantial improvement and utilisation of pattering methods in the science of educational research, a comparison of multivariate methods in group/cluster identification in the scientific domain of quantitative research has not been carried out. This study analyses two different statistical techniques: i.e., the principal components analysis (PCA) and the implicative statistical analysis (ASI). A survey was carried out using a structured questionnaire for a sample of 135 nurses which studied in the School of Pedagogical and Technological Education in order to be qualified in respect The study focuses on the presentation of the two main types of clustering methods, της ASI and L’ Analysee Factorielle des Correspondances (AFC). AFC’s results made it evident that Emotionality, Self-control, Sociability, General items of EI constructs are shaped attitudes and reveal the latent dimension of respondents psychological attributes related to EI conceptual constructs.</p> <p>Keywords: L’ Analysee Factorielle des Correspondances, principal components analysis, implicative statistical analysis, research.</p> Sofia D Anastasiadou ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Contemporary advanced statistical methods for the science of educational research: Principal components analysis versus L’ analysee factorielle des correspondances <p>The current paper analyses two different statistical techniques: i.e., principal components analysis (PCA) and correspondence analysis (L’analysee factorielle des correspondances) (AFC). A survey was carried out using a structured questionnaire for a sample of 135 nurses which studied in the School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (ASPETE) in Greece. Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy and Associability subscales are related to Qualitative Services ASPETE offers. These subscales were measured by 24 items, rated on a seven-point Likert scale. The study focuses on the presentation of the two main types of clustering methods, PCA and AFC. Lee and Lin’s model contains a one-item scale developed to measure overall service quality and a one-item scale for customer satisfaction. The assessment of the students’ satisfaction degree is evaluated based on a seven-step on the Likert scale statement, investigating the extent that the respondents are satisfied from the experience they had with the specific tertiary education organisation (CSF).</p> <p>Keywords: Advanced, statistical, methods, AFC, PCA</p> Paschalina Ntotsi, Sofia D Anastasiadou ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 13:17:54 +0100 Supporting English competence development in university teachers: Principles and practices <p>In today’s world, the English language communicative competence is a major soft skill of university teachers which is needed for personal and professional fulfilment and career development. This study aimed at the design and practical realisation of the 72-hour English course stimulating the teaching staff’s engagement in language learning and English communicative competence development at the Omsk State Agrarian University. The authors have discussed the principles and approaches to the course content design and efficacy of four classroom management strategies: the use of real life communication situations, making presentations, visual thinking strategy and short-film-based discussions for developing EFL communicative competence in university teachers. The situational approach to the content design introduced ‘real-life’ communicative situations serving as a teaching method and an assessment tool. The participants of the course took an online test: ‘Evaluation of Readiness for The Certificate Exam in English’, developed by the Tomsk Polytechnic University, at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of the course.</p> <p>Keywords: Communicative competence, adult language learning, university teaching staff, visual thinking, situational approach, communicative environment.</p> Irina V. Kulamikhina, Zhanbota B. Esmurzaeva, Dinara G. Vasbieva, Aleksei Yu Alipichev ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Development of students’ spirituality and morality through allegoric tales when teaching English as a foreign language <p>This paper considers the use of allegoric tales as an effective means of students’ ethic education while learning a foreign language. The social and psychological factors of the popularity of allegoric tales among adults in recent times are analysed. The place and role of allegoric tales in the youth’s spiritual and moral development are determined. They help pedagogical correction of the young people’s social behaviour, offer role models, promote positive interpersonal relationships, social skills, relieve stress and teach to resolve conflicts. The criteria for selecting allegoric tales are determined, the technology of students’ moral development through the use of allegoric tales when learning a foreign language is described, and some specific methods are suggested: the method of educational metamorphoses, philosophical dialogue, solving ethical dilemmas, theatre forum, etc. The efficiency of the proposed technology is proved by the results of the experiment carried out at a non-linguistic university.</p> <p>Keywords: Moral development, higher school students, allegoric tales, ethic education, non-linguistic university.</p> Olga A. Kalugina, Nataliia V. Saienko, Yevgeniya B. Novikova, Aleksei Yu Alipichev ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Build history through educational competences in the degree of primary education <p>This work collects the results obtained from the teaching innovation project called: ‘Building History through educational competences in the Degree of Primary Education’, carried out in the course 2017/2018. Different educational competences present in the curricular projects related to the area of Social Sciences were worked during its development. During the proposal, several practical activities will be carried out, such as small research works during the visit to the Archaeological Museum of Cordoba and the realisation of historical models related to the chosen theme in the didactic itinerary that will be included in a group classroom blog. The interaction of two different branches of knowledge (Social Sciences and Humanities) allowed us to work in an interdisciplinary way to concretise in practice the different activities. In fact, the purpose of this didactic experience is the application of these activities by the students to take them to a real classroom context.</p> <p>Keywords: Primary education degree, educational competencies, methodology, historical heritage, cooperative work.</p> Maria Pilar Molina Torres ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Philosophy and education: The predicament of Ion Petrovici (1882–1972) work at Romania’s centennial (1918–2018) <p>As one of the disciples of Titu Maiorescu (1840–1917) together with Constantin Radulescu–Motru (1868–1957) and Petre Paul Negulescu (1872–1951), they are regarded as the most prolific thinkers in Romanian modern thought and founders of the Romanian modern culture. History changes which they could not foresee have left the marks upon the perception, reception and interpretation of their work and Ion Petrovici is no exception to that. In order to understand and interpret his work reflected in his writings on philosophy, logic, philosophical monographs, travel diaries, speeches and notes, biographical method, along with text analysis, hermeneutical approach and criticism have been adopted. Bridging his prolific philosophical endowment with his epoch realities remains a wish and an ideal to which this paper aims with the respect that it would offer us a much clear image of the past and would increase our wisdom as how to act upon the future.</p> <p>Keywords: Education, philosophy, Romanian culture.</p> Virtop Sorin Avram ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:05:45 +0100 Mobile learning in Romania, a failed experience? <p>Some specialists in education sciences doubt the presence of computer resources in formal education: an almost general feeling that they might represent the Trojan horse wheeling in superficiality, ignorance and lack of discipline (Alessandro Barrico’s barbarians), destroying the ‘serious’ vein of schools, but aren’t there computers in schools? Isn’t there an IT infrastructure widely used in education? When the administration takes over, they make a special room, and they put the computers in that room and they have a computer period with a computer teacher. Our study starts from the hypothesis that the usage of mobile learning in class will intensify learning; starting from this idea, we planned to analyse how much the teachers from a specific region of Romania have at their disposal, the resources and competencies needed for mobile learning and in what measure they are really using those resources and competencies in a systematic manner in the educational.</p> <p>Keywords: Mobile learning, multitasking, net generation, school teaching</p> Emil Stan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:10:02 +0100 GeoGebra application, used in the determination of the magnitude of an earthquake <p>In this paper, the authors tackle the earthquakes study with the aim of determining the magnitude. By means of a GeoGebra program (an open source programme), we encourage the secondary school scholars in modelling the data obtained from an actual earthquake. We intend to obtain the magnitude of an earthquake by a method that can be easily comprehended by the students. The model is based on Richter’s approach. In order to facilitate the process, a GeoGebra application was created that allows for an accurate calculus. The instrument presented in this paper assists in a better understanding of the Richter scale (including how it was built) and the correlation between the energy released by the earthquake, the amplitude of the waves and the epicentral distance. The students will be able to analyse a seismogram, to identify its main elements and to determine the magnitude of a simulated earthquake.</p> <p>Keywords: Earthquake, GeoGebra, seismogram, STEM, Richter scale.</p> Bogdan Chiriacescu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:13:47 +0100 Contextual learning strategies in the early stages of architecture education <p>The main objective of this paper is to present a series of interconnected contextual learning strategies applied in the early stages of architecture education. The study presents the design and implementation process of a term project assigned to first-year architecture students. It applied the contextual learning strategies by combining the autobiographical memory and design problem to explore unique narrative structure. This method allows for aligning multiple contexts-course content, the objective of the course, students profile, the learning environment and the basis of the design disciplines. The process was a performative one that involves storytelling, video making, quasi-research skills and informal discussions with parents and guardians to uncover and present the changing nature of the urban fabric as seen and understood by students. The results show that the students engaged and unearth various material within the contextual paradigm.</p> <p>Keywords: Narrative reflection, contextual learning, alignment, architectural education.</p> Murat Sahin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:17:37 +0100 Promoting inclusive school culture through leadership—Case study in Romanian schools <p>One of the greatest challenges for 21st century school is to rethinking school culture for human diversity. Among the factors contributing to the ethos of the inclusive school, most specialists emphasise the importance of leadership, of the managerial team that both through conception and through its own behaviour promotes cooperation, human diversity, tolerance, open mind-set and help offering. The purpose of this research was to identify the factors of the leadership, which are involved in promoting a culture of inclusion. The research in question was embedded in a constructivist–interpretivist paradigm. The study included the analysis of school culture and interviews with school managers and teachers. The institutional analysis of schools addressed the physical/material aspects of the school and the social dimension (of human resources). One of the main conclusions of the research is that the leader and his team have a decisive role to play in promoting values of diversity.</p> <p>Keywords: Inclusive school, leadership, school culture, inclusive education.</p> Mihaela Voinea, Alina Turculet ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:21:57 +0100 Teamwork between class teachers and support teachers as the basis of inclusion—A case study in Romanian primary school education <p>The purpose of this study is to identify how primary school teachers understand the importance of inclusive education and the benefits of the collaboration between the class teachers and the support teachers. In order to identify the social representations of primary school teachers regarding the cooperation with the support teachers, we have used a questionnaire-based inquiry. We have organised the data into a case study at the level of primary school education. The responses to the open questions offered by the investigated teachers allowed a dramaturgical approach to the roles and the responsibilities of the actors in special education. Our results enhance the benefits of integration of students with special educational needs in the conditions of a distributed responsibility between parents, class teachers and support teachers. Therefore, the qualitative analysis of the written responses of primary school teachers reveals the need of continuous training in aspects related to special educational needs.</p> <p>Keywords: Special educational needs, support teachers, primary school education.</p> Alina Turculet, Mihaela Voinea ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:25:01 +0100 Developing learning abilities through flexible teaching strategies <p>The national Romanian curriculum challenges practitioners to apply it through educational and structured activities so as not to delineate the structure indicated by the national curriculum. Due to a common dialogue with other educational systems, the current Romanian educational system addresses at the micro-pedagogical level educational practices specific to other educational systems. The Finnish educational system manages to effectively combine current curriculum structures, the social vision based on trust and the implementation of educational software. This triad of components provides Finnish practitioners and foreign practitioners with the Finnish educational system, a design of educational activities validated by the educational outcomes. We wanted to discover the Romanian teachers' vision of the opportunities of the Finnish education system, as well as finding out about the continuous training of teachers in the national educational system.</p> <p>Keywords: Romanian curriculum, Finnish educational system, cooperation, curriculum implementation.</p> Anca Georgiana Simion, Olga Chis ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100 The intervention: Improving social-emotional skills in early childhood as a factor of school performance <p>Contemporary studies show the major impact of early education on the future development of children, that justifies a quality educational approach from the early childhood, to meet the needs of children’s education for the onset of schooling. The dynamics of society and the updates in the field of education make it necessary to create an educational context as a response of the current needs of children’s competencies. In many countries, social-emotional education gains importance as an essential element of education, emotional intelligence being considered a determinant for success in life. The methods used were the pedagogical experiment, surveys, curricular analysis and systematic observation. When children experience well-being, the ability to think is increased. The active involvement of the teachers in the implementation of the programme, the use of recommended practices and the solving of the challenges that have appeared have led to an increase in the impact of the intervention.</p> <p>Keywords: Early childhood education, social-emotional skills, well-being, social-emotional education.</p> Coste Monica ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:32:50 +0100 The cognitive problems influence on food disorders <p>Nutritional disorders describe restrictive and/or abusive behaviours that affect both women and men alike. The relationship with food can change in the sense of food preferences, sometimes eating healthier, and sometimes not, or eating more or losing appetite. An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that adversely affect a person’s physical or mental health. The cause of eating disorders is not clear. We aim to identify whether there is a correlation between personality traits and feeding disorders in young adults aged 20–25 years. To verify the work hypothesis, we applied the MCMI Personality Tracking and EDI 3 Test for Food Disorder on a 150-person group of participants aged 20–25 years. The media plays a major role in the way people see themselves. And, socio-economic status is a factor that influences eating disorders.</p> <p>Keywords: Cognitive problems, food disorders, personality disorders.</p> Mariana Floricica Calin, Marinela Carmen Grigore ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:36:58 +0100 Coping with children’s wit: Materials for a dialogical odyssey <p>In this paper we start by discussing how Philosophy for Children (P4C) was launched by Matthew Lipman (1922-2010) in the 1970s in order to establish philosophy as a fully-fledged school programme in the US, and has since become a movement which evolved through the last four decades, adopting different epistemological and pedagogical discourses (Vansieleghem &amp; Kennedy, 2011). From philosophy for children we arrive at philosophy with children, swapping the fixed method for the modelling and coaching by communal reflection, contemplation and communication, thus giving a greater emphasis to dialogue, while opening up different approaches, methods, techniques and strategies. This is precisely the line of work we personally prefer, when it is articulated with Gareth Matthews’ assumption that children can ask the same questions as philosophers do, and sometimes even better ones. Along the lines of Storme and Vlieghe (2001), we think that P4C can allow the child to be philosophical and philosophy childish, an understanding that perhaps can free us from the dominant one dimensional unproblematized realm of the ideology of productivity that envisages education as a process exclusively preparing persons for labour markets, understood as the set of positions gained in an operative and ruthlessly competitive battle. This offers a context where constructing existential meaning, by and for each individual, is excluded from education.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong><strong>:</strong> Philosophy for children, song, tales, cinema.</p> Carlos Sousa Reis ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:41:00 +0100 An evaluation of the ‘Red Andalucia Ecocampus University of Malaga’ environmental education programme <p>Training university students so that they become professionals who will promote an improvement in the relationship between socio-economic activity and the environment is one of the main challenges in higher education. Thus, it is important to evaluate the Environmental Education Programmes offered by public institutions to the university community. The objective of this research is to assess the impact of the ‘Red Andalucia Ecocampus University of Malaga’ Programme in relation to the involvement of the university community in the environmental sustainability of its setting. A mixed methods design was used. Research participants included teachers, students and administrative and service staff at different research and training centres of the University of Malaga (n = 387). The results in this research work reveal that this Programme has an effective methodological design when it comes to acquiring concepts and strengthening environmental values in the university community.</p> <p>Keywords: Environmental education, programme evaluation, sustainability, higher education.</p> Juan-Jesus Martin-Jaime, Leticia-Concepcion Velasco-Martinez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:45:23 +0100 How does using feedback empower student metacognition and learning? <p>Encouraging students to foster the learning styles and supporting them to strive with the challenges in education are responsibilities of teachers, especially in higher education where students are expected to master their current and lifelong learning. The study, therefore, investigates the impact of teacher feedback on student meta-cognition and explores the link between student achievements and their cognitive skills through a research done on 440 Vietnamese students from 40 universities and colleges in Vietnam. The findings show that only monitoring strongly affect the students’ academic achievement, meanwhile teacher feedback has no direct impact on the students’ results.</p> <p>Keywords: Self-regulated learning (SRL), meta-cognition, teacher feedback, life-long learning, Vietnamese students.</p> Do Thi Thu Thuy, Tang Thi Thuy ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:52:57 +0100 Examining Thai biology teachers’ understanding of the nature of science: Where there are various ethnic groups of the Mekhong sub-region people <p>This research aimed at examining Thai biology teachers’ understanding of the nature of science (NoS). Participants included 118 biology teachers from 51 schools in Nakhon Phanom and Mukdahan provinces, Thailand, where there are various ethnic groups of the Mekhong sub-region people. Research methodology utilised an interpretive paradigm. Teachers’ understanding of NoS was interpreted through an open-ended questionnaire about NoS that was adapted from Lederman et al. views of NoS questionnaire form-C and interviews. The results of this study shows that more than 50% of the participants had shown uninformed, ambiguous I and ambiguous II views in the questionnaire and interviews. The paper discuss the NoS understanding of teachers’ in order to after this improving their understanding of NoS and preparing them for teaching.</p> <p>Keywords: Biology teacher, nature of science (NoS), understanding, VNOS-C, teaching.</p> Adchara Chaisri Khureerung ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 14:56:48 +0100 How does cyberbullying affect the values of university youth?: Its’ analysis in terms of education and mental health <p>Cyberbullying is a systematic abuse of power which occurs through the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Research on cyberbullying shows that cyberbullying and victimisation have very serious negative effects on the value judgements, social, academic and emotional lives of young people. Persons exposed to cyberbullying include intense sadness and depression, feelings of fear and shame, tense experience, high or very low alertness, low interest in ICTs tools, problematic behaviours, decrease in school success, use of harmful substances or inconvenience, crime, substance abuse, frustration, anger, anxiety, loss of motivation, academic failure, school absenteeism and problems that can lead to suicide. The studies on cyberbullying will encourage young people to recognise this concept and use the technology in the right direction to cope with cyberbullying situations.</p> <p>Keywords: Cyberbullying, university youth, education, mental health, technology</p> Burcin Isik, Nurgul Ozdemir ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 15:00:16 +0100 An investigation of L2 motivational self-system and intercultural communicative competence of pre-service English teachers’: Kazakhstani perspective <p>This study aimed to explore the relationship between L2 motivational self-system (ideal L2 self and ought to L2 self) and intercultural communicative competence (ICC) among pre-service teachers of English in Kazakhstan. Moreover, the predicting effect of ought to self and ideal self on participants ICC was examined. Quantitative methods of data analysis were used to analyse the data. The ICC scale developed by the researcher and L2 motivational self-system scale developed by Taguchi, Magid and Papi were used to collect the data. The data were collected from 307 major student-teachers’ of English language teaching departments from Akhmet Yassawi and Auezov South Kazahstan State Universities. Descriptive analyses (means, standard deviations), Mann–Whitney U test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal–Wallis H test, Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient and regression analysis were performed to analyse the data.</p> <p>Keywords: ICC, L2 motivational self-system, pre-service English teachers.</p> Yucel Gelisli, Lazura Kazykhankyzy ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 15:05:22 +0100 Being a mother of children with ADHD and the problems it causes to mothers <p>Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in the childhood period. In the children, the symptoms of this disorder are reluctance to tasks that require attention, disorganisation, losing things frequently, forgetting homework, restlessness, being unable to wait their turn and so on. Those children, who are hyperactive, impulsive and distracted, might experience severe problems in their relationship with their families, parents, peers and friends. Compared to the parents of normal children, the parents of children with ADHD, especially the mothers who play a more active role in child care, are more likely to suffer from stress, anxiety and depression in the course of time. Therefore, in order to protect family functionality and provide a healthy communication between the parents and the child, it is crucial to raise parents’, in particular mothers’, awareness on ADHD and its treatment for the evaluation of parents’ psychological state and referring them to a specialist, if necessary.</p> <p>Keywords: ADHD, child, mother, psychological problems, psychiatric nursing.</p> Nurgul Ozdemir, Kubra Abaci Erginyavuz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 15:10:51 +0100 Problems and strategy of educational development in Morocco <p>The quality of education is one of the major challenges facing many countries in the world, and Morocco is strongly concerned. Health and education in the Kingdom remain the sectors that suffer the most, and where there are many dysfunctions. Since Independence, the Moroccan education system has been subject to several reforms, involving a considerable amount of work and money spent without finding the right formula. From Arabisation to the emergency plan 2009–2012, passing through a large number of successive proposals, wiping failure after failure in the absence of a rigorous plan. As a result, the entire school and university system today suffers from structural problems.</p> <p>Keywords: Education, strategy, development.</p> El Houssine Mabrouk ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 15:14:39 +0100 School improvement plans, a tool to improve the quality of education <p>Much has been said about school improvement plans (SIPs), which have been implemented in many countries, with different characteristics and with different results in each of them. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate, through the research carried out, the impact of SIPs on students’ learning and, from that perspective, to determine what characteristics the research should have in order to have a direct impact on students’ learning. To this end, an exhaustive bibliographic review will be carried out to show the effects of the improvement plans in the communities, counties or countries that have implemented them. The result of the above will be to determine, according to the few existing investigations, the elements that SIPs must have in order to have an impact on student’s learning.</p> <p>Keywords: School improvement plans, improving the quality of education, educational improvement, accountability.</p> Ignacio Hernan Gonzalez Escobar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 15:18:14 +0100 Investigation of students’ perceptions of national identity <p>The concept of identity is described as a set of characteristics that an individual or a group of individuals possess and what makes them unique and different from others. In other words, identity is about culture, social life, traditions and customs as well as attitude, perception and a belief system of people. The identity which is unique to a particular nation and brings together individuals with feelings of belonging to a particular community is called a national identity. National identity is the expression of belonging to a national culture. The National Identity Perception Scale developed by Gelisli was used to collect the data. Descriptive analyses (mean and standard deviation), Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal–Wallis H test were performed to analyse the data. The results revealed that secondary and high school students possessed a high level of national identity. Moreover, it was found that gender influenced the students’ perceptions of national identity.</p> <p>Keywords: Identity, national identity, national culture.</p> Yucel Gelisli, Lazura Kazykhankyzy ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 15:22:14 +0100 To terminate the challenges faced by science teachers in practical work <p>Practical work and real objects are very significant materials for supporting the science educational process. Today with expanding knowledge and science information, practical work is very important for teaching science successfully. Consequently, this study was conducted to terminate the challenges faced by science teachers in practical work. It reports to observe the facility of schools in using science laboratory and utilizing science materials in their instruction process. Besides, the study targets to find out the obtainability and capability of laboratory tools in basic schools. This quantifiable enquiry was conducted with the involvement of science tutors in the KRG basic schools. Furthermore, with the purpose of gather and estimate the essential data an examination questionnaire which consisted of 10 objects was used and 250 science tutors were nominated to take a part in this research. Besides, in order to analyze the percentages, standard deviations, means, frequencies, T-test. In addition, SPSS program version 20 was used and the quantifiable data was analyzed descriptively. The finding results indicate that most basic schools are not provided by laboratory tools and more than half of the participant teachers are facing difficulties in relation to availability to laboratory aids and materials, absence of science training courses, the teachers had the strong desire to integrate practical work in to their teaching process and several governmental and practical problems still require to be solved. Otherwise, the study showed differences among instructors’ opinions on using laboratory according to their year of experiences.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> practical work, science lesson, tutors’ skills, laboratory and basic study;</p> Paywand Jalal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100