New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs <p><img src="/ojs/public/site/images/admin/12newtrendhsc2.jpg" alt=""></p> <p align="justify"><strong>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences</strong> is an electronic product focusing entirely on publishing high quality selected conference proceedings. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences enables fast dissemination so conference delegates can publish their papers in a dedicated open access online issue, which is then made freely available worldwide.</p> <p align="justify">&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><u>WCDA-2016 Papers Indexed in Web of Science</u></strong></p> <p><strong>5<sup>th</sup> WORLD CONFERENCE ON&nbsp;</strong><strong>DESIGN AND ARTS (WCDA-2016)</strong> papers published in <em>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences (ISSN 2547-8818)</em>, have been indexed at the Web of Science (CPCI). Other conferences’ papers are expected to be indexed at the Web of Science soon.</p> <p><img src="/ojs/public/site/images/admin/prosoc_wos.jpg" width="636" height="298"></p> Sciencepark Research Organization and Counseling en-US New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences 2547-8818 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Green conceptions for the development of cities in the light of a sustainable development paradigm https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4330 <p>The concept of sustainable development is adopted at various levels of territorial organisation, including the city level as the basis for all the activities. Modern cities should provide efficient public services in order to eliminate the lack of comfort resulting from an excessive urban sprawl, which is why the importance of ecological conditions in socio-economic development is increasingly indicated. The purpose of this article is to present selected concepts and indicate the conditions for the implementation of the city’s sustainable development assumptions. The econometric modelling was used in the research process.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Green areas, sustainable development, city.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dubicki Piotr Kulyk Piotr ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 1 7 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4330 Life Cycle Assessment as a tool of modern ecological education https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4331 <p>The articl<em>e</em> presents the issues of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) use in contemporary ecological education, in relation to the problem of sustainable development. Based on the analysis of the literature, legal norms and strategic documents, the theoretical aspects of LCA as a tool used in numerous areas and environmental management processes were discussed and the significance of its use in the process of shaping ecological awareness of both the whole society and enterprises was demonstrated. The role of using computer programs based on LCA technology (such as SimaPro) in the teaching process at the higher education level was also emphasised.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Environmental awareness, ecological education, sustainable development, LCA, life cycle assessment.</p> Adrianna Dybikowska Leszek Kazmierczak-Piwko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 8 17 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4331 The importance of landscape spatial plans for the shaping of urban green areas https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4332 <p>Urban greenery is an indispensable component of urban composition and can be an effective tool for solving problems related to shaping and organising urban spaces. For the proper functioning of green areas, however, it is necessary to combine them into a functional system, which must be reflected in spatial planning documents. The most effective protection of urban green areas can be ensured by appropriate provisions in local spatial development plans. The aim of the paper is to assess the significance of local spatial development plans for Poland in shaping green areas. The number of local spatial development plans in individual voivodships in the years 2009–2017 will be analysed.</p> <p>Keywords: Green areas, landscape spatial plans, sustainable development.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dubicki Piotr Kułyk Piotr ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 18 24 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4332 A historical analysis of tax competitiveness between EU member states https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4333 <p>We demonstrate that the dynamics of tax competitiveness in the EU has gained a new higher level. The shift in the tax competition can be noted after new countries have joined the EU. Both positive and negative effects of tax competitiveness are discussed in the paper and the question of trade-off between the strong tax competitiveness of a country and magnitude of its tax revenue is raised. Evaluation of chosen countries using multiple criteria decision aid methods (MCDA) shed more light on the opposition of two groups of countries, the old and new members of the EU, provided more details on the both the present state and dynamics of tax competitiveness in the. The evaluation methodology can be successfully used for monitoring the current state of tax competitiveness of each member country. Prominence of the multiple criteria evaluation TOPSIS method of MCDA evaluation is described.</p> <p>Keywords: Competitiveness of countries, tax system, tax competition, tax revenues, multiple criteria evaluation, TOPSIS.</p> Askoldas Podviezko Lyudmila Parfenova Andrey Pugachev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 25 36 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4333 Career engagement of different generations: A case study in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector in Lithuania https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4334 <p>The aim of this article is to analyse career engagement of different generations in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in Lithuania. The research is based on the Kaleidoscope Career Model and Career Engagement Scale. The research included 571 representatives of Generation X and Generation Y living in Lithuania, EU, and those working in the ICT sector and/or studying in the area of Informatics. The Pearson correlation analysis and Independent Samples t Test were used for data analysis. The research revealed that career engagement of Generation X in the ICT sector is higher than that of Generation Y and is influenced by a variety of socio-demographic and other factors. The dimensions of the Kaleidoscope Career Model—Authenticity, Balance and Challenge—and their need are more vividly expressed in Generation X than in Generation Y. Statistically significant differences were identified in career engagement of generations X and Y and Balance and Challenge dimensions of the Kaleidoscope Career Model.</p> <p>Keywords: Career engagement, different generations, Generation X, Generation Y information and communication technology (ICT) sector.</p> Gita Statnicke Asta Savaneviciene Ignas Sakys ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 37 49 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4334 The effect of psychological capital and emotions on emotional labour: A study on hotel employees https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4335 <p>The primary purpose of this research is an investigation of the influence of psychological capital and emotions on emotional labour. Importance of this research is to conduct the literature and drawing attention effects of psychological capital on the relevance among the emotions and emotional labour to catch the attention of administrators. In this study, the impact of psychological capital and emotions on emotional labour is researched with employees working in the hospitality sector, which includes intense emotional labour. In this study, a questionnaire which is one of the quantitative decision techniques is used to collect necessary data. The consequence of the research demonstrates that psychological capital and emotions have an impact on emotional labour. In addition to that, hope which is one of dimensions of psychological capital and positive emotions affect emotional labour.</p> <p>Keywords: Psychological capital, emotions, emotional labour.</p> Selin Donmez Serdar Bozkurt ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 50 57 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4335 Utilisation of a certified wood in wood processing companies in the Czech Republic https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4336 <p>The present business environment offers a wide scale of production and it is increasingly difficult to find a product standard which can distinguish the producer from competitors. The pressure of lobby groups and legislation arrangements force the society to reflect a need for ecologic and sustainable thinking. The current trend and requirements of EU are the implementation of certified systems and production of wooden products from certified wood. This paper focused on the present situation in the supply of products from certified wood and analyses an exercitation of eco-philosophy in the business of wood processors, the rate of manufacturing of certified wooden products, as well as reasons and benefits of certified production. This paper presents selected results of primary research carried out in Czechia which was focused on the investigation of economic impacts of wood products manufacturing from certified raw wood. All presented results emphasise the need for voluntary market tools with ecologic character.</p> <p>Keywords: Certification system, certified wood, wood processing, eco philosophy.</p> Andrea Sujova Jakub Michal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 58 63 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4336 Comparative efficiency of wood sources utilisation in selected European countries https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4337 <p>Wood belongs among the renewable, ecological resources used in many variants of primary and secondary production. The efficiency and effectiveness of using wood resources is, therefore, one of the important factors of sustainable economic development of the society. Each country should strive to maximise the efficiency and effectiveness of the use of raw materials. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the different levels of timber use in international comparison based on the available information of timber resources, production, consumption, import and export in the primary processing in natural and value expressions of wood resources. The results indicate the efficiency of the use of wood resources both for the volume of the total woodworking production and the production value of the woodworking industry in the selected countries.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Wood sources, efficiency, added value, comparative analysis.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Robert Babuka Andrea Sujova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 64 72 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4337 The use of LCA to assess the global ecological competitiveness of selected economies in the area of production of goods https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4338 <p>The article addresses the issues of green ecological competitiveness in the global system and its selected aspects. The authors propose using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology to assess the global ecological competitiveness of selected economies in their production areas, in terms of the environmental impact of their production processes, determined by the energy mix used in a particular national economy. To compare the environmental impacts of the production of a unified product in selected economies, i.e., France, India, USA and Japan, the ISO standard LCA using the ReCIPe Endpoint v1.13 and IPCC 2013 Global Warming Potential 100 methods and Sima Pro 8.5 software were used. The <strong>LCA</strong> for a 0.5 l plastic bottle was made. Data on the use of electricity for all stages of plastic processing in the bottle were made for energy mixes from France, India, Japan and USA and compared using Ecoinvent 3 database.</p> <p>Keywords: Global ecological competitiveness, green competitiveness, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), green economy, ecological competitiveness analysis<strong>.</strong></p> Leszek Kazmierczak-Piwko Adrianna Dybikowska Grzegorz Ganczewski ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 73 84 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4338 Institutional framework’s moderation of the effects of cultures fit on allies’ trust: Case of international alliances https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4339 <p>This paper is an attempt to illuminate the effect of fit between allies’ cultures on their trust and to analyse the moderating role of institutional framework on this effect. A quantitative empirical analysis, adopting a hypothetico-deductive approach, was carried out in order to validate the causal model. The results, declined from a collected data by a survey distributed to 114 international alliances, evince that the cultural fit of allies influences positively the trust between themselves. Besides, they highlight the role of the institutional framework which moderates positively and reinforces the effect of the allies’ cultures compatibility on the trust between themselves. This can be explained by the fact that the rigour of the institutional framework represents for allies a guarantee of their tangible and intangible assets’ protection and collaboration.</p> <p>Keywords: Organisational cultures fit, national cultures fit, intercultural intelligence, mistrust, goodwill.</p> Imen Jayari Mehrez Chaher ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 85 94 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4339 Social economy in the international scenery: Politic(s), culture(s) and power(s)/pressure(s) manipulation https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4340 <p>We live a dangerous world ‘scenery’ due to ideas and ideologies manipulation/proliferation, the inherent social perceptions and the consequently tampered behaviours engaged in violence. If the Humanity is a complex context, States, Governments, politic, politics, societies, cultures, religions, ideological groups (social, ethnic, legal, illegal, declared and unknown), the Media all have a powerful action being important ‘actors’ which actions should be careful and critically studied. The manipulation is a riskily reality being disproportionate developed with the worst consequences. Discourses are the easiest instrument to analyse, with insidious messages, considered ‘normal’ but being a simple manipulated information generating tampered and seriously dangerous violent actions is the question of the Religions and the Terrorism. It is urgent to invest in the equality and ‘construct’ the respect for all religions, cultures, especially promote the education for the different thinking, way of living and face the realities.</p> <p>Keywords: Human rights, social, policies, oppositions.</p> Ana Campina Maria Manuela Magalhaes Silva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 95 101 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4340 Cryptocurrencies: A political and a fiscal analysis https://sproc.org/ojs/index.php/pntsbs/article/view/4341 <p>The existence of cryptocurrency a decade ago is an inescapable reality that at the moment generates a high financial influence at global level, the fact that obliges us to know and to study them. Our questions are essentially at three levels: their acceptance, or not, by the States in the face of the paper-money issued by their Central Banks and how the Private Banks react to this virtual currency created in particular; what actions have Tax Administrations at the global level faced with the wealth they generate and the financial values that move in the real economy. Our study is based on the doctrine that already exists, but mainly financial reports produced by central banks and private banking as well as by tax administrations. Finally, we present our conclusions on the current state of analysis and financial studies of the banking system and tax administrations and, of course, our opinion.</p> <p>Keywords: Cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, fiscal analysis, policies, perceptions.</p> Carlos Rodrigues Ana Campina Graziela Moraes ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 6 3 102 111 10.18844/prosoc.v6i3.4341