Language and language disorders

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Nicoleta Ramona Ciobanu

Abstract




Language is an individual phenomenon of a physiological and psychological nature, conditioned, of course, by the social existence of the individual. Both the lexical, semantic, and grammatical sides are accomplished through all the activities and factors adjacent to the instructive-educational process. Both language and speech have a social character, especially as in the process of communication, speech takes on an individual form. Language requires speech and vice versa. The process of speech has a social basis, because it primarily targets the inter-human understanding. The problem of functions is of the utmost importance in defining the essence of the language. The main and specific function of the language, its destination in society is to serve as a means of communication. Language disorders include various forms of manifestation, such as language disorders affecting pronunciation, speech rhythm and fluency, speech retardation disorders, polymorphic disorders (with neurological substrate), written-to-read language abnormalities. Proper pronunciation of sounds can be obtained when children are offered irreproachable speech patterns, accompanied by verbal explanations of how speech organs are used, how each sound is emitted. Through slow and precise articulation movements, children will succeed on the basis of imitation and explanation to gain a correct pronunciation.


Keywords: language, pronunciation, language disorders, communication;




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