Unaccompanied foreign minors in Italy between normative and educational needs

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Gianna Pasquale

Abstract




Nowadays, unaccompanied foreign minors (UAMs) are a significant part of the migrants who arrive in Italy. Starting from the statistical analysis concerning the presence of UAMs in Italy, this paper aims to examine this complex phenomenon and to investigate the legal and socio-educational issues regarding this vulnerable group of migrants.Recently, Italian government has shown a particular interest in the protection of these children who arrive in Italy, approving the Law No. 47 of 7 April 2017 on ‘Provisions on Protective Measures for UAMs’. This law has amended the existing legislation on UAMs in order to strengthen the protection of these minors and to ensure a homogeneous application of the rules throughout the national territory. Therefore, this study outlines the main measures introduced by Law No. 47/2017 and focus on the important educational role played by the so-called ‘legal guardian’ (‘tutore’) of UAM for safeguarding and ensuring the well-being and the full integration of the minor.


Keywords: Unaccompanied foreign minors, migration, Italy, educational issues, ‘legal guardian’.




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