New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Advances in Pure and Applied Sciences <p align="justify"><strong>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Advances in Pure and Applied Sciences</strong> is a multi-dimensional journal which covers all aspects of scientific and technical disciplines including pure and applied sciences, health, environmental and material sciences, applied natural sciences including physics, chemistry and biology, application of scientific inventions for medical purposes, advances in technology, computer science and communication technology. This journal serves as a platform that fosters new applications for all scientists engaged in research and development in these fast growing fields in an international arena.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Title Changes</strong></p> <p>The former name of <em>AWER Procedia Advances in Applied Sciences</em> (ISSN: 2301-2706) has been changed to <em>Global Journal on Advances in Pure and Applied Sciences</em> (ISSN 2421-8049) on 8 September 2015. Then, name of <em>Global Journal on Advances in Pure &amp; Applied Sciences</em> on has been currently changed to <em>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Advances in Pure and Applied Sciences </em>(ISSN: 2547-880X) since 23 November 2016. These changes were made with the approval of International ISSN Center (<a href=""></a>).&nbsp;</p> en-US Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> (Prof. Dr. Haluk soran) (Maria Andoni) Fri, 28 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Message from the Guest Editors <p>It is the great honor for us to edit proceedings of <strong>2nd International Congress of Nursing (ICON-2018) </strong>13–15 April 2018 Marmara University, Faculty of Health ciencesDepartment of Nursing–Istanbul, Turkey. This privileged scientific event has contributed to the field of educational sciences and research for ten years.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>As the guest editors of this issue, we are glad to see variety of articles focusing on the Nursing Practice; Innovations in Patient Care, Multi-Professional Practice, Nursing Practice Model Reform, Acute / Critical Care, Care of Patients with Chronic Disease, Symptom Management, Nursing Education; Innovations in Nursing Education, Problem-Based, Teaching and Learning, Evidence-Based Teaching and Learning, Critical Thinking and Caring Competency Training Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making Competency Training, Nursing Management; Workforce Planning, Innovations and Reforms in Nursing Management, Human Resource Management, Quality and Safety of Nursing Care, Nursing Outcome Study, Crisis and Risk Management Primary Care Nursing, Information Technology in Nursing, Nursing Ethics, Ageing and Geriatric Nursing, Mental Health Nursing and etc.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Furthermore, the conference is getting more international each year, which is an indicator that it is getting worldwide known and recognized. Scholars from all over the world contributed to the conference. Special thanks are to all the reviewers, the members of the international editorial board, the publisher, and those involved in technical processes. We would like to thank all who contributed to in every process to make this issue actualized. A total of 169 full papers or abstracts were submitted for this conference and each paper has been peer reviewed by the reviewers specialized in the related field. At the end of the review process, a total of 14 high quality research papers were selected and accepted for publication.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>I hope that you will enjoy reading the papers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Guest Editors</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Prof. Dr. Nesrin Nural, <em>Karadeniz Technical University</em>, Turkey</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Prof. Dr. Nesrin Nural ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 12:39:59 +0100 The factors affecting the resilience levels of the nurses working in a public hospital <p>This study was conducted as a descriptive study to determine the factors affecting the psychological endurance levels of the nurses. A questionnaire consisting of 21 questions and the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) were used for data collection in this study. It is a five-point Likert scale, consisting of 33 items. Percentage calculation, Kruskal–Wallis test and Mann–Whitney U test were used for the assessment of the data. The average score of the nurses in the RSA was determined to be 123.3 ± 21.3. A statistically significant relationship has been found between some of the sociodemographic characteristics of the nurses and their score in the RSA (p &lt; 0.05). As per the results, it has been determined that the nurses who are married, have kids, have bachelor’s degree or higher, love their jobs, satisfied with the department they work at and chose their departments of their own volition, have high levels of resilience.<br>Keywords: Endurance, nurse, resilience</p> Tugba Kavalali Erdogan, Asuman Sener, Sevil Masat, Gulsah Kaya, Cansu Atmaca Palazoglu, Zeliha Koc ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 07:57:08 +0100 The effect of emphatic tendency levels of nurses on their conflict resolution skills <p>The aim is to determine the effect of nurses’ emphatic tendency levels on their conflict resolution skills. The research was carried out with the participation of 228 nurses. The data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of 25 questions, Emphatic Tendency Scale and Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Percentage calculation, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal–Wallis test and Mann–Whitney U test are used for evaluating the data. A statistical relationship has been found between some of the sociodemographic and occupational characteristics of the nurses and their average score in quality of working life scale and Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory (p &lt; 0.05). In this study, a positive, moderate relationship has been found between Emphatic Tendency Scale and Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory, dimension of Integration (p &lt; 0.001). It is determined that Emphatic Tendency Scale score has a direct proportion to Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory-II, dimension of Integration.<br>Keywords: Nurse, quality of working life, professional attitudes in nursing.<br><br></p> Sevil Masat, Esra Danaci, Asuman Sener, Tugba Kavalali Erdogan, Tugba Cinarli, Zeliha Koc ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 08:34:01 +0100 The relationship between quality of working life and professional behaviour for nurses working in a university hospita <p>This study was a descriptive study aimed to determine the relationship between nurses’ professional quality of work life and professional attitudes. The ability of nurses to work efficiently and productively depends on the development of a qualified environment that will support their professional practices. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 165 nurses working in a university hospital in the city of Samsun between 15 July and 15 August 2017. The total score average of the Nurses’ Quality of Life Scale was found to be 105.9 ± 7.5 and the median score of Professional Attitude Inventory was found to be 118 (76–159). A statistically significant relationship was found between some socio-demographic and working characteristics of the nurses, the Professional Quality of Life Scale and Professional Attitude Inventory scores (p &lt; 0.05). The findings show that there is no relationship between nurses’ quality of professional life and their professional attitudes.<br>Keywords: Nurse, professional quality of life, professional attitude.</p> Sevil Masat, Tugba Cinarli, Asuman Sener, Tugba Kavalali Erdogan, Gulhan Simsit, Zeliha Koc ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 08:51:29 +0100 Considerations for professionalism of nursing students in clinical practices <p>This is a descriptive study that aims to determine the factors affecting the professional behaviour of nursing students in clinical applications. The survey was conducted between 20 September and 20 December 2017 with the participation of 274 students studying in the Nursing Department of Health Sciences Faculty of a University. The data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of 18 questions and Nursing Students Professional Behaviours Scale (NSPBS). The mean age of the nursing students participated in the study was 20.67 ± 1.88 years and 81.8% of the students were female while 18.2% were male. Of them, 78.5% loved their profession, 60.9% chose their profession willingly, 67.5% did not want to change their profession and 9.5% of them were members of professional associations and followed professional publications. The mean score of NSPBS was determined to be 122 (29–135). Hence, the nursing students’ ability to perform professional behaviours was found to be high.<br>Keywords: Nursing, student, professional behaviour.</p> Esra Danaci, Esma Ayse Ozturk, Sevil Masat, Tugba Kavalali Erdogan, Cansu Atmaca Palazoglu, Zeliha Koc ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 08:59:46 +0100 Health perception of nurses and affecting factors <p>This study was carried out to determine the health perception of the nurses and the affecting factors. The study was carried out with the participation of 80 nurses working in the state hospital in Gumushane city centre. The data were collected using the nursing introductory information form and the ‘The Perception of Health Scale’. In the analysis of the data, Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney U test with frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used and in the examination of the relations between variables, Pearson correlation test from nonparametric methods was used. Of the nurses participating in the study, 92.5% were women, 7.5% were men, 46.3% were graduates, 68.8% loved their work, 62.5% were satisfied with the service and 60% worked in shifts. In literature research, sufficient numbers of studies were found to examine the health perception of nurses. It is recommended to increase the work in this area.<br>Keywords: Health, health perception, nurse.</p> Cansu Atmaca Palazoglu, Beliz Yekeler Kahraman, Ayse Elkoca, Esra Danaci ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 09:11:54 +0100 Happiness levels of the nurses working at a University Hospital <p>This study was planned to determine the happiness level of nurses. The population of this descriptive study was done with 121 nurses who accepted to participate in the study out of 323 nurses who worked at a research and training hospital. The average happiness score of the nurses is 108.63 ± 19.48. However, the mean scores of happiness scale of nurses who had an average working time of 120–180 hours per month and who were satisfied with nursing and working in the institution were higher (p &lt; 0.005) and these findings were statistically significant. In conclusion, nurses’ happiness level was found to be higher than the average level (moderate level). But, it was identified that nurses who did not exceed weekly working hours were happier and nursing not being satisfied with working in the institutional negatively affects the level of happiness.<br>Keywords: Hospital, nurse, happiness.</p> Burcu Genc Kose, Tugba Balik, Sule Kurt, Havva Ozturk ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 09:20:40 +0100 Assessment of delegation level in nurse managers <p>This study was done in order to explore delegation levels among nurse managers. The population of this descriptive study was done with 22 nurses who accepted to participate in the study out of 50 nurse managers. The data were collected through a survey form that addressed nurses’ demographic characteristics and Scale for Nurse Managers Delegation Level. The data were analysed with percentages, Kruskall–Wallis and Mann–Whitney U. General delegation level of nurse managers was found to be 2.81 ± 0.57. However, such sub-dimensions of the scale as gender, success in time-management, working hours, submission to others’ requests in name of the clinical unit and being a guide for nursing processes at the units affected average sub-dimension scores of delegation among nurse managers and these findings were statistically significant.<br>Keywords: Hospital, nurse, delegation</p> Sule Kurt, Burcu Genc Kose, Nurse Tugba Balik, Havva Ozturk ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 09:43:07 +0100 Examination of attitudes, perceptions and behaviours of the elderly with diabetes based on the health belief model <p>This study aims to determine the attitudes, perceptions and behaviours of the elderly with diabetes and its theoretical structure was based on the Health Belief Model. The cross-sectional study was carried out with 82 elderly volunteers. The data were collected with a descriptive and semi-structured form. Individuals’ level of following-up blood glucose and ability to monitor other early signs and symptoms was found to be moderate and elderly expressed ‘activity loss’ and ‘changes in body image of considering barriers’. It can be said that elderly compliance to the treatment was good and that the beliefs about disease are affect to cope with the disease, the seriousness, the behaviours and the perceived benefit.<br>Keywords: Elderly, diabetes mellitus, beliefs, health belief model.</p> Julide Gulizar Yildirim, Elif Unsal Avdal, Berna Nilgun Ozgursoy Uran ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 10:03:13 +0100 Evaluation of nurses’ opinions about computer physician order entry <p>This research was performed as a descriptive and analytic study to determine the perceptions of the nurses regarding the computerised physician order entry system. The study was conducted with 207 nurses working in four hospitals using this system in Bursa. Sociodemographic data form and the computerised physician order entry system perception scale were used as data collection tool. Obtained data were analysed by statistical methods and nonparametric tests. The scale met an acceptable level of reliability and validity (α = 0.94). There was a statistically significant difference between the groups according to age, position, service and institution, years of institution experience and the period of using the system in terms of scale and sub-dimensions. Finally, it was determined that the nurses perceived the system as positive in spite of some difficulties related to this system. It is suggested that the problems with the system should be solved and training programmes should be organised.<br>Keywords: Nurse, computer physician order entry, medication errors.</p> Muzelfe Uysal Biyik, Yasemin Akbal Ergun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 10:14:28 +0100 Determination of reasons for organisational silence of executive nurses <p>The research has been carried out as a descriptive way to find out to determine the factors that affect the silence of executive nurses. The research consists of a university hospital in Istanbul as 101 executive nurses employed. The relationship among the demographic features of the executive nurses, the questions as for speaking tendency and the factors that affect their silence have been tried to be identified. It has also been statistically analysed whether any relationship has existed among these. The findings of the research show that; 25.7% of the executive nurses don’t shared when they reached the important information about the work and that their silence for reasons of great priority was ‘managerial and organisational reasons’. The scores the nurses mentioned above got from the scales of the issue and they were reasons why they were silent were meaningful when the correlation tables studied.<br>Keywords: Nursing, executive nursing, organisational silence, silence in executive nurses.<br><br></p> Cennet Ciris ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 10:19:20 +0100 Cultural practices before and during pregnancy: example of Turkey <p>Having children is a substantial part of cultural identity in our society. From past till now, various customs, traditions and beliefs have been applied, especially during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy period in Anatolia. Some of them are still in practice and effective. However, all these practices to have children are applied generally to women, and there are few practices applied on men regarding the elimination of infertility because women are regarded as responsible for not having children in Anatolia. In this compilation, the traditional beliefs and practices applied before and during pregnancy in Anatolia are explained. National and international articles on this subject are analysed by using keywords in Google academic database. As a result, it is found that some practices negatively affect both the mother’s and child’s health. So, awareness on this subject should be raised, unhealthy practices and beliefs should be discussed and changed, and beneficial ones should be supported.<br>Keywords: Traditional practices, intercultural nursing, traditional beliefs, pregnancy, culture.<br><br></p> Ezgi Sahin, Nevin Hotun Sahin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 10:24:18 +0100 Tools for assessing parenting in the prenatal and postpartum period in Turkey <p>Scales describe the scientific quality and reliability of research. Some scales are used to evaluate the relation of parents with a newborn during pregnancy and the postpartum period. This study was carried out to examine the scales adapted to Turkish that assessed parenthood status during pregnancy or the postpartum period. This study is conducted between 20 March 2018 and 30 March 2018 through Turkey Measuring Tools Directory, YOK Thesis Search, and Google Scholar using keywords such as ‘being a parent’, ‘parenting pregnancy’ and so on. Maternal Attachment Inventory, Prenatal Attachment Inventory, Postnatal Paternal–Infant Attachment Questionnaire, Mother to Infant Bonding Scale, What Being the Parent of a New Baby is Like and so on were adapted to Turkish and it has been determined that the majority are valid and reliable. The scales evaluate, especially the new parent, love, stress, fear, feelings and behaviours.<br>Keywords: Being a parent, prenatal period, postpartum period, parenting scale.</p> Aylin Çakşak, Dilek Yildiz, Derya Suluhan, Berna Eren Fidanci ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 11:00:05 +0100 The role of nurses in traditional–modern medicine conflict <p>In almost all societies around the world, traditional medicine applications are being resorted to for diagnosis and treatment of various diseases. As modern medical methods encounter difficulty in reaching the public and being expensive, traditional medicine methods are preferred to modern medical methods andti can be used more frequently in rural areas. Traditional methods can also be used for a variety of reasons although its scientific validity is discussed. There is a constant conflict between modern medicine and traditional medicine and they often coexist in spite of the fact that modern medicine usually does not approve traditional medicine. The nurse enhances the quality of care by taking into account the cultural characteristics of the individual and broadens the perspective of the nursing. It is the right approach for nurses to avoid conflict with the individual they care for in cultural practices, act together and guide them to develop a healthier lifestyle.<br>Keywords: Traditional medicine, modern medicine, nurse</p> Nevin Gunaydin, Funda Ozpulat ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 11:07:57 +0100 The efficiency levels of the nurse managers in communication <p>Aim is to predicate efficiency levels of the nurse managers in communication. The sample constituted 108 nurses. The socio-demographical characteristics of the nurses and the nurse managers were inquired. The efficiency levels of the nurse managers in communication were evaluated with the ‘Communication Efficiency Scale’. SPSS for Windows 12.0 Program was used in the data evaluation. When the demographical characteristics of nurse managers have been compared with communication level, there was not found a statistically significant correlation (p ˃ 0.05). But the nurse managers who are over 40 ages, license grad and had a long time professional experience were found conspicuous because of their high communication scores. As a result, it was determined that the ‘Communication Efficiency Scale’ is reliable and valid and can be used in these studies and the efficiency levels of the nurse managers who work in a Training and Research Hospital in İstanbul are enough.<br>Keywords: Nurse, manager, communication, scale</p> Pinar Eksi, Ayse Nefise Bahcecik ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Sep 2018 11:12:45 +0100