Evaluation of Effects of Nutrition Training Provided for the Male Prisoners and Convicted on Their Behaviours and Attitudes

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Mukaddes Ors



The Purpose of the Study: This research was planned and carried out for evaluation of the effect of nutrition education, given to the male prisoners who are in Amasya E Type Closed Prison , on nutrition attitudes and behaviors and we wanted to investigate the effectiveness of training for giving right eating habits to the prisoners. Method: Research has developed around 600 prisoners of Amasya E Type Closed Prison. The prisoners and convicted, who participated in the study, were divided into four groups as training + brochures, brochures and control. The pre-prepared survey was conducted on the prisoners and convicted and the test, which had been prepared for determining the impact of nutrition behaviour and manner, was repeated in the beginning of the study (pre-test), at the end of the training (post-test) and one month later in order to evaluate the sustainability of nutrition training (monitoring test). Oral and visual training was given by the researcher. The survey form, which had been prepared by the researcher in accordance with the literature, The draft survey form that had been prepared was submitted to the opinions of the experts for face validity-content validity [7]. The draft survey was re-organized in accordance with the opinion of the experts and made ready for pre- application. The prepared survey form was applied to 30 prisoners and convicted, who did not participate in the study, and the clarity and validity of the form was confirmed. Statistical analysis of the data was made with SPSS for Windows (Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows) 13.0 software and their figures and percentages were taken. Findings and Results: It was determined that in pre-test 16 % of prisoners ,in post-test 64 % of prisoners, in monitoring test 62 % prisoners have breakfast. It was understood that the proportion of having regular breakfast is higher than the other groups in education post-test and in education monitoring  groups, the proportion of who do not have regular breakfast is higher than the other groups in education pre- test and brochure +education pre-test group, the proportion of who sometimes have regular breakfast is higher than the other groups in education post-test and education monitoring test group. In this research it was observed that after the training the majority of the prisoners have gained regular breakfast habits, at the same time there was a reduction in the monitoring test. The training is given on the eating habits shows us that training was effective. But if we want a permanent education ,it must be effective and countinuously.We analyzed the causes of skipping main meals.The test of at the begining of research (46.0 %),in the final test at the end of the research (49.0 % ) and in the monitoring test one month after education ( 56.3 % ) it was showned that the most causes of skipping meal is “unwilling to eating” .This was followed in pre-test “fall asleep” rate (38.0 %), in post test “fall asleep” rate (42.9 %) and in monitoring test “fall asleep” rate (33.3 % ). it is seen that the percentage of those who read the articles on the nutrition on the newspapers was 15.6% before the training, where it increased to 38.5% after the training and the percentage of those who stated that they sometimes read before the training increased from 26.4% to 31.8% after the training. That percentage dropped to 37.7% during monitoring test.

Keywords: Prisoning, prison, nutrition, nutrition education, adult education.


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