The Effectiveness of Pilates Training on Physical Parameters in Patients with Schizophrenia

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Eda Akbas

Abstract

Schizophrenia remains one of the major reasons for long-term disability, with high mortality and morbidity. People suffering from schizophrenia have various other complexities that may cause physical and psychological declines. There is a direct relationship between physical activity and improvements in health parameters. This study investigates the effectiveness of a 6-week Pilates training programme on the physical health of schizophrenia patients. Eighteen schizophrenia patients participated in the control (n1 = 8) and Pilates groups (n2 = 10). Both the groups received their medications, but the Pilates group was trained with Pilates exercises twice a week for 6 weeks. Evaluation of various parameters such as body mass index, biochemical analysis and others were carried out before and after 6 weeks in both the groups. Changes found in the biochemical outcomes, though not significantly different, consistently favoured the Pilates group. Well-designed randomised trials of physical activity programmes are needed, to achieve improvement in patients with schizophrenia.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Pilates, exercise, biochemical analysis.

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