International Journal of Learning and Teaching <p align="justify"><strong>International Journal of Learning and Teaching (IJLT)</strong> is an international, multi-disciplinary and double blind peer-reviewed journal. IJLT provides a platform for the publication of the most advanced scientific research in the areas of learning, development, instruction and teaching. The journal welcomes original empirical investigations. The papers may represent a variety of theoretical perspectives and different methodological approaches. They may refer to any age level, from infants to adults and to a diversity of learning and instructional settings, from laboratory experiments to field studies. The major criteria in the review and the selection process concern the significance of the contribution to the area of learning and teaching.</p> <p align="justify">&nbsp;</p> <p align="justify">The journal is under the review of Scopus and Web of Science (ESCI). If the journal is accepted to be indexed, your article will also be included in these indexes.</p> World Centre of Innovation Research and Publication en-US International Journal of Learning and Teaching 1986-4558 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new"><span>Creative Commons Attribution License</span></a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See<a href="" target="_new"><span>The Effect of Open Access</span></a>).</li></ol> Learning outcome of the Thai qualifications framework for higher education (2009) by PBL <p>A classroom action research, the objective of which is to study five aspects of learning outcomes, as follows: 1) Ethics and Morals 2) Knowledge 3) Cognitive Skills 4) Interpersonal Skills and Responsibility 5) Numerical, Communication and Information Technology Skillsand to study the attitude towards Problem-Based Learning method (PBL). Purposive sampling selected a sample of 53 students from the first-year of dental nurses studying the Contemporary World Affairs subject. Data were collected using questionnaires (the evaluating tools on TQF: HEd) and were analysed by finding percentages and means. 1. Both lecturers and students found that the students were learning at an effective rate which was more than standard scores (60%) in five aspects: 1. Ethics and Morals (96.98%), 2. Knowledge (96.06%), 3. Cognitive Skills (94.33%), 4. Interpersonal Skills and Responsibility (96.73%) and 5. Numerical, Communication and Information Technology Skills (94.33%). 2. It was found that 100% of students have a positive attitude towards PBL.</p> <p>Keywords: Learning outcomes, TQF, PBL.</p> <div> <p class="Els-keywords">&nbsp;</p> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rujee Charupash ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 11 2 42 48 10.18844/ijlt.v11i2.1015 A design of gifted personality traits scale <p>This study aimed to design the ‘gifted personality traits scale’. The dimensions of this scale are determined in the following personality traits: motivation, emotional stability, positive self-esteem, internal control and deep learning style. A scale of (62) items was applied on (54) gifted students of the secondary level in order to extract the psychometric properties.The statistical analysis revealed (45) distinct items. The indicative correlation coefficient of the scale validity (by using split half) reached (0.881). As for the reliability, the alpha coefficient rate of the internal consistency reached (0.873). At last, we consider this scale as a valid tool to identifing gifted students at Algerian secondary school.</p> <p>Keywords: Scale, gifted, traits, students,</p> Saida Attar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 11 2 49 59 10.18844/ijlt.v11i2.929 The impact of the type of questions asked in continuous assessment on students' outcomes <p>This study has an objective to look for the impact of the type of questions given in assessments about students’ results and to measure the capacity of synthesis for them. In fact, we had analysed the students’ answer related to exercise that is a part of the subject of the first control about thermochemistry concerning the first university level science of chemistry subject in 2014. The recorded results show that when useful figures are designed in enunciations students have ability to move easily to the next stages and could find out easily adequate answers, but when the question is without indication students are lost in the choice of the figures that are part of the exercise. These results push us to prepare lecture about given subjects of the national exam Bac: mathematics, chemistry and physics as well tests and interviews to have an access to high schools in Morocco (limited access).</p> <p>Keywords: Assessment, students’ level, thermochemistry, capacity of synthesis.</p> Soumia Tamani Hafid Sokrat Mohamed Radid ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 11 2 60 65 10.18844/ijlt.v11i2.849 Characterisation of structure and trends in the higher education <p>Romanian education system faces structural failures due to increased labour market instability and the proliferation of austere economic policies in adjusting the value of GDP. Open competition on the labour market, both in the EU and countries outside the European Union also stresses the need to adapt the education system to meet current and future needs of society by contributing to the development of information technology research and eco-awareness. The education system in Romania will have to take into account the need to give people the skills and abilities needed to adapt quickly to a changing labour market.</p> <p>Keywords: High education system, study programs, macro economical indicators, linear trend, labour market.</p> <pre><strong>&nbsp;</strong></pre> Ani Matei Florica Georgeta Rotaru Silvia Elena Cristache ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 11 2 66 76 10.18844/ijlt.v11i2.515 Language teaching strategies and techniques used to support students learning in a language other than their mother tongue <p>This research attempts at exploring language teaching strategies and techniques that can be used in classroom settings to improve student learning in a language other than their native languages. This paper aims to investigate the previous research on models of learning and raise teacher awareness of language learning and create a resource bank of language teaching strategies, ideas and techniques for teachers to use when implementing units of inquiry.</p> <p>Keywords: Language teaching, learning strategies and techniques, mother tongue, student learning.</p> Yoones Tavoosy Reza Jelveh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-31 2019-05-31 11 2 77 88 10.18844/ijlt.v11i2.3831