The relationship between emotional intelligence and adjustment in pre-university girl students in Tehran

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Zahra Sobhani Seyedeh Maryam Mousavi Bahman Akbari

Abstract

Objective: Regarding the importance of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in forming adjustment behaviors, present study aimed at determining the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and educational and socio-emotional adjustment in Iranian female students.


Methods & Materials: In a descriptive –corelational study, 300 pre-university female students were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling in Tehran province. Bar-On's emotional intelligence inventory (EQ-I), and adjustment Inventory for high school students (AISS) were used as two standard instruments for data collection.


Findings: The results suggest a significant relationship between the participants' EI and their educational and socio-emotional adjustment (P<0.01). Moreover, most of the students had high EI (51.3%). While majority of the participants had good level of emotional adjustment (59%), a moderate level of them enjoyed social and educational adjustment, 39.7% and 28%, respectively. 


Conclusion: Based on findings, it is proposed that elements of EI be trained to pre-university students so as to enable them confront with problems and equip them with necessary adjustment skills.


Keywords: Emotional intelligence (EI), Emotional adjustment, Social adjustment, Pre-university female students


 

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