Biomorphic example with butterfly form in architectural design

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Hatice Derya Arslan

Abstract

Since his existence, mankind tends to arrange his environment according to his own needs.  He has designed spaces that he can make use of and benefit from in nature. He has made use of the order in nature and various objects in the environment.  In architectural design, it has refered  nature-based design as the biomorphism.  Referring to the biological formation and of which point of origin is the living organism in nature, biomorphism is used in architecture by taking the functions and systems of nature as an example along with the support of the technology and biology in urban planning and structural design. The technology and science which have been developed, have analysed the organism rather than making an analogy with the living organisms and using forms as an element of ornament and leaving its place to the imitation of living organisms, then they have turned into designing sustainable spaces.  The analogical relationship established with the biological model has emerged as a result of the search for a new conceptual tool that defines the design by controlling the design process.


In this study, It has been analyzed Konya Tropical Butterfly Garden which is an example of biomorphic design and hosts many butterfly types.  The garden reminds a butterfly form in its third dimension, its plan and on an overall basis.  The form and structure of the garden has been evaluated in biomorphic design terms.  It can observe that the architect designs a building form that is suitable with the concept of the structure rather than creating a better design by getting inspired from nature (butterfly).  The Tropical Butterfly Garden as a reflection of biomorphism in today's modern architecture has been assessed.  When assessing the relationship between the architecture, construct, and concept of the garden, it can see that it has a pioneering perspective.  Even if the garden has been designed by getting inspired from nature, it can see that it does not have more economic, light and sustainable building properties as it is in nature. 

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