The role of perceived parental attitudes and self-esteem in predicting secondary school students’ depression Secondary School Students’ Depression

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Evren Ersoy

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which self-esteem and parental attitude perceptions of adolescents predict depression. This is a quantitative research design and the relational screening model was conducted throughout the study. “Depression Scale”, “Parental Attitude Scale” and “Self-Esteem Scale” were utilized in the study. The study was conducted on a total of 526 students of whom 276 were female and 249 were male studying in 9 different secondary schools in Istanbul during the 2012-2013 academic period. Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Regression Analysis was utilized in analyzing the data. According to the Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient analysis, a negative significant relationship was detected between depression and democratic attitude sub-dimension of parental attitudes; and a positive significant relationship was detected between depression and authoritarian attitude and protective/willing attitude. In addition, a negative significant relationship was detected between depression and self-esteem. Stepwise Regression analysis indicated that democratic attitude and self-esteem variables were significant in explaining depression.

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