Impact of Program Evaluation through Self-Assessment in Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan

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Muhammad AbdulWahid Usmani
Suraiya Khatoon


Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Pakistan was formally initiated when Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) was established under Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. This Quality Assurance Agency established Quality Enhancement Cells (QEC) in public and private sector universities and they were given the task of preparing Program Evaluation Reports of all the programs being offered at their respective university on set criteria. Initially, these cells started with awareness sessions and sensitized the faculty regarding significance of Quality Assurance and program evaluation. Gradually the program evaluation reports were prepared and reviewed and a structured QA mechanism came into existence.

The current paper is a descriptive study which was conducted to review the impact of PROGRAMME EVALUATION on Pakistani universities. Data available with QAA, Pakistan, Self-Assessment Report available for the programs and Field notes were used as tool to evaluate the impact Program Evaluation on Pakistani universities.

The data shows that a very large number of programs in different universities prepared program evaluation reports and submitted for external review of the reports. External reviews resulted into action plans for rectifications identified during external review. Finally, program evaluation reports were graded on a rubric in order to rank departments within a university.

The study shows that Quality Assurance mechanism has got its firm roots at micro level i.e. at university level in Pakistan under the supervision of Quality Assurance Agency of Pakistan. Different programs of the universities run program evaluation cycle and report to their own Quality Enhancement Cells which in turn does a regular follow up of issues identified for assuring the provision of quality education. These cells finally report to QAA of the outcomes of program evaluation cycle.

The study would be of interest for all educationists as it shows both the role of Quality Assurance Agency, Pakistan and the role of Quality Enhancement Cells whose combined efforts have resulted into a systematic program evaluation in Pakistani universities.


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